Spontaneous and induced mutation rates at two expanded simple tandem repeat (ESTR) loci were studied in the germ line of xeroderma pigmentosum group C (Xpc) knockout mice defective in global genome nucleotide excision repair. Spontaneous and radiation-induced mutation rates in homozygous Xpc-/- males were significantly higher than those in isogenic wild-type (Xpc +/+) and heterozygous (Xpc+/-) mice. In contrast, exposure to the monofunctional alkylating agent ethylnitrosourea resulted in similar increases in ESTR mutation rates across all genotypes. ESTR mutation spectra in the germ line of Xpc-/-, Xpc+/- and Xpc+/+ did not differ. Considering these data and the results of other publications, we propose that the Xpc-deficient mice possess a mutator phenotype in their germ line and somatic tissues that may significantly enhance carcinogenesis across multiple tissues.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research