The current state of corneal reshaping

Jeffrey J. Walline, Brien A. Holden, Mark A. Bullimore, Marjorie J. Rah, Penny A. Asbell, Joseph T. Barr, Patrick J. Caroline, H. Dwight Cavanagh, Nick Despotidis, Fonn Desmond, Bruce H. Koffler, Kevin Reeder, Helen A. Swarbrick, Lisa G. Wohl

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose. The application of contact lenses to alter the shape of the cornea and temporarily reduce or eliminate myopia is known as orthokeratology, corneal refractive therapy, or corneal reshaping. It was first introduced in the 1960s, but high oxygen permeable materials and more sophisticated designs allow patients to wear contact lenses only during sleep, while dramatically improving the predictability and rate of myopia reduction. Many studies have shown that most corneal reshaping patients achieve uncorrected visual acuity of 20/25 or better that lasts all day long in one to two weeks of nighttime wear. 1-3 Treatment is primarily effective through central epithelial thinning and midperipheral epithelial and stromal thickening. Much remains to be learned about corneal reshaping contact lenses and their effects on the cornea. Methods. The authors reviewed existing knowledge and determined what needs to be learned in order to provide patients with appropriate informed consent prior to corneal reshaping contact lens wear. Results. While corneal reshaping contact lenses are effective at temporarily reducing or eliminating myopia, claims about the progress of myopia being controlled with corneal reshaping contact lenses should not be made until further studies are published in peer-reviewed literature. The incidence and prevalence of microbial keratitis related to corneal reshaping contact lens wear is not known. Any overnight wear of contact lenses increases the risk of infection, but it is not known whether the risks of microbial keratitis are greater for corneal reshaping overnight contact lens wearers than other form of overnight contact lens wear. It is also not known whether the risk of microbial keratitis is greater for children than adults, but we must determine if children are at greater risk than adults because many children are wearing corneal reshaping contact lenses. Conclusions. Finally, it is recommended that ongoing education be provided to practitioners and staff regarding safety, informed consent, and prevention of potential problems, with special emphasis on the critical need to properly and thoroughly disinfect lenses that will be worn overnight.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-214
Number of pages6
JournalEye and Contact Lens
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005

Keywords

  • Children
  • Contact lens
  • Corneal reshaping
  • Microbial keratitis
  • Myopia
  • Orthokeratology
  • Review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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