The cytoskeletal scaffold Shank3 is recruited to pathogen-induced actin rearrangements

Alan Huett, John M. Leong, Daniel K. Podolsky, Ramnik J. Xavier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The common gastrointestinal pathogens enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and Salmonella typhimurium both reorganize the gut epithelial cell actin cytoskeleton to mediate pathogenesis, utilizing mimicry of the host signaling apparatus. The PDZ domain-containing protein Shank3, is a large cytoskeletal scaffold protein with known functions in neuronal morphology and synaptic signaling, and is also capable of acting as a scaffolding adaptor during Ret tyrosine kinase signaling in epithelial cells. Using immunofluorescent and functional RNA-interference approaches we show that Shank3 is present in both EPEC- and S. typhimurium-induced actin rearrangements and is required for optimal EPEC pedestal formation. We propose that Shank3 is one of a number of host synaptic proteins likely to play key roles in bacteria-host interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2001-2011
Number of pages11
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume315
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2009

Keywords

  • Actin
  • Attaching and effacing
  • Bacterial infection
  • Cytoskeleton
  • Synapse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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