Elucidating the cross-talk between inflammatory and cell proliferation pathways might provide important insights into the pathogenesis of inflammation-induced cancer. Here, we show that the receptor-interacting protein 1 (RIP1) - an essential mediator of inflammation-induced nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation-regulates p27Kip1 levels and cell-cycle progression. RIP1 regulates p27Kip1 levels by an NF-κB-independent signal that involves activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt-forkhead pathway. Mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) from RIP1-knockout mice express high levels of p27Kip1. Reconstitution of MEFs with RIP1 downregulates p27Kip1 levels in a PI3K-dependent manner. RIP1 regulates p27Kip1 at the messenger RNA level by regulating the p27Kip1 promoter through the forkhead transcription factors. RIP1 expression blocks accumulation of cells in G1 in response to serum starvation and favours cell-cycle progression. Finally, we show that overexpression of p27Kip1 blocks the effects of RIP1 on the cell cycle. Thus, our study provides a new insight into how components of inflammatory and immune signalling pathways regulate cell-cycle progression.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology