The detection of differentially expressed microRNAs from the serum of ovarian cancer patients using a novel real-time PCR platform

Kimberly E. Resnick, Hansjuerg Alder, John P. Hagan, Debra L. Richardson, Carlo M. Croce, David E. Cohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

510 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine the utility of serum miRNAs as biomarkers for epithelial ovarian cancer. Methods: Twenty-eight patients with histologically confirmed epithelial ovarian cancer were identified from a tissue and serum bank. Serum was collected prior to definitive therapy. Fifteen unmatched, healthy controls were used for comparison. Serum was obtained from all patients. RNA was extracted using a derivation of the single step Trizol method. The RNA from 9 cancer specimens was compared to 4 normal specimens with real-time PCR using the TaqMan Array Human MicroRNA panel. Twenty-one miRNAs were differentially expressed between normal and patient serum. Real-time PCR for the 21 individual miRNAs was performed on the remaining 19 cancer specimens and 11 normal specimens. Results: Eight miRNAs of the original twenty-one were identified that were significantly differentially expressed between cancer and normal specimens using the comparative Ct method. MiRNAs-21, 92, 93, 126 and 29a were significantly over-expressed in the serum from cancer patients compared to controls (p < .01). MiRNAs-155, 127 and 99b were significantly under-expressed (p < .01). Additionally, miRs-21, 92 and 93 were over-expressed in 3 patients with normal pre-operative CA-125. Conclusion: We demonstrate that the extraction of RNA and subsequent identification of miRNAs from the serum of individuals diagnosed with ovarian cancer is feasible. Real-time PCR-based microarray is a novel and practical means to performing high-throughput investigation of serum RNA samples. miRNAs-21, 92 and 93 are known oncogenes with therapeutic and biomarker potential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-59
Number of pages5
JournalGynecologic oncology
Volume112
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • MicroRNA
  • Ovarian cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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