The DSM-IV construct of cocaine dependence in a treatment sample of Black, Mexican American, and White men

John Schafer, Raul Caetano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The unidimensionality of the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) construct of cocaine dependence was examined among 263 Black, 212 Mexican American, and 256 White men admitted consecutively to 5 substance abuse treatment programs in the Bay Area of northern California. Interviews of about 1 hr were conducted in the programs' facilities by trained interviewers who used a standardized questionnaire. Results of the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) generally supported a unidimensional model of the 7 indicators of DSM-IV cocaine dependence across the men in all 3 ethnic groups. The results of the CFA, latent trait analysis, and latent class analysis suggested that the indicator representing health problems from cocaine use may not be as useful as the other criteria for identifying cocaine dependence. Limitations and suggestions for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)304-311
Number of pages8
JournalPsychological Assessment
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1996

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Cocaine-Related Disorders
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Statistical Factor Analysis
Interviews
Cocaine
Ethnic Groups
Substance-Related Disorders
Therapeutics
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

The DSM-IV construct of cocaine dependence in a treatment sample of Black, Mexican American, and White men. / Schafer, John; Caetano, Raul.

In: Psychological Assessment, Vol. 8, No. 3, 09.1996, p. 304-311.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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