Objective: To compare the rates of gestational diabetes among women who received serial doses of 17-alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate vs placebo. Study Design: Secondary analysis of 2 double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trials of 17-alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate given to women at risk for preterm delivery. The incidence of gestational diabetes was compared between women who received 17-alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate or placebo. Results: We included 1094 women; 441 had singleton and 653 had twin gestations. Combining the 2 studies, 616 received 17-alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate and 478 received placebo. Among singleton and twin pregnancies, rates of gestational diabetes were similar in women receiving 17-alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate vs placebo (5.8% vs 4.7%; P = .64 and 7.4% vs 7.6%; P = .94, respectively). In the multivariable model, progesterone was not associated with gestational diabetes (adjusted odds ratio, 1.04; 95% confidence interval, 0.62-1.73). Conclusion: Weekly administration of 17-alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate is not associated with higher rates of gestational diabetes in either singleton or twin pregnancies.
- 17-α hydroxy progesterone caproate
- gestational diabetes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology