The effect of 2-methoxyestradiol, a HIF-1α inhibitor, in global cerebral ischemia in rats

Dachun Zhou, Gerald A. Matchett, Vikram Jadhav, Neal Dach, John H. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations


Global cerebral ischemia is an important clinical problem with few effective treatments. The hippocampus, which is important for memory, is especially vulnerable during global ischemia. Brain-specific knockout of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) has been shown to be protective in focal ischemia in vivo. 2-methoxyestradiol (2ME2) is a natural metabolite of estrogen that is known to inhibit HIF-1α. We tested 2ME2 in a rat model of global cerebral ischemia. Global ischemia was induced with the two-vessel occlusion model (2VO) which entailed hemorrhagic hypotension to a mean arterial pressure of 38-42 mmHg with simultaneous bilateral common carotid artery occlusion for 8 minutes. Sprague-Dawley rats (male, 280-350 g) were randomly assigned to three groups: global ischemia (GI, n = 17), global ischemia with 2ME2 treatment (GI + 2ME2, n = 17) and sham surgery (sham, n = 12). 2ME2 treatment (15 mg/kg in 1% DMSO) was rendered 10 minutes after reperfusion. Rats in the GI and sham groups received similar doses of the DMSO solvent. Rats were killed 24 hours, 72 hours and 7 days after reperfusion. Quantitative CA1 hippocampal cell counts demonstrated significantly lower cell survival in the GI + 2ME2 group compared to either the GI or sham groups, in spite of a statistically significant reduction in HIF-1α by Western blotting analysis of the GI + 2ME2 group. We conclude that 2ME2 worsens outcomes after global ischemia in rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)268-271
Number of pages4
JournalNeurological Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 1 2008



  • 2-methoxyestradiol
  • Global ischemia
  • Hypoxia inducible factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this