The effect of denture stability on bite force and muscular effort

R. Caloss, M. Al-Arab, R. A. Finn, G. S. Throckmorton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations


This study tested the hypothesis that denture instability limits the amount of voluntary muscular effort generated by denture wearers. Seventeen edentulous subjects (seven men, 10 women; mean age 60·3±13·0years) with newly acquired implant-retained mandibular overdentures and a conventional maxillary denture participated. Maximum bite forces and corresponding electromyographic (EMG) activity from the temporalis and masseter muscles (bilaterally) were recorded under two experimental conditions: (i) Unilateral premolar and molar bites without additional support, and (ii) premolar and molar bites with bite block support on the opposite side. In addition, EMG values alone were recorded during maximum clenching without any transducer between the upper and lower dentures. The level of muscular effort was significantly higher with greater denture support. These results indicate that denture instability probably prevents denture wearers from using the full potential of their jaw muscles, especially during unilateral biting and chewing, even with two implants supporting the mandibular dentures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)434-439
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Oral Rehabilitation
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2011


  • Bite force
  • Dentures
  • Implants
  • Muscular effort

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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