The effect of diamide on the expression of macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha in endothelial cells

Limin Yang, Xuewei Zhu, Xia Zhao, Zhongduan Deng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of diamide on the expression of macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1 alpha) in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells. METHODS: After exposure of the endothelial cells (ECs) to different concentrations of diamide for 4 hours, the MIP-1 alpha mRNA in the cells was detected by nuclease S1 protection assay and the MIP-1 alpha protein in those cells was determined by cell enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The chemotactic activity of MIP-1 alpha in the conditioned medium of ECs treated with diamide for peripheral blood monocytes was tested by microfilter method using modified Boyden chambers. RESULTS: Incubation of ECs with 5 micro mol/L diamide resulted in a 2.4-fold increase in the level of MIP-1 alpha mRNA expression as compared with the control group (t = 8.70, P < 0.05). Exposure of ECs to 1 micro mol/L, 5 micro mol/L and 10 micro mol/L diamide resulted in a 0.9-fold, 1.2-fold, and 0.7-fold increase in the level of MIP-1 alpha protein expression respectively, as compared with the control group (F = 35.65, P < 0.05). Chemotactic assay showed that the migration distance of monocytes towards the conditioned medium (CM) of ECs treated with 5 micromol/L diamide was 99.50 microm +/- 4.31 microm, which was significantly more than the 66.47 microm +/- 3.25 microm towards the conditioned medium of ECs in the non-diamide group, the chemokinetic group (67.03 microm +/- 6.83 microm) and the random migration group (65.40 microm +/- 3.36 microm) (F = 404.31, P < 0.05). The results revealed that there might be chemotactic substances in the conditioned medium of 5 micro mol/L diamide treated ECs. The migration distance of monocytes towards the conditioned medium of the ECs exposed to 5 micromol/L diamide was significantly reduced to 82.80 microm +/- 6.88 microm after the addition of goat anti-human MIP-1 alpha antibody (F = 192.25, P < 0.05), which indicates the chemotactic activity of MIP-1 alpha in the conditioned medium of the ECs in the diamide group. CONCLUSIONS: Diamide, a lipid peroxidation inducer, could stimulate ECs to produce high levels of MIP-1 alpha with chemotactic activity, and may play an important role in atherogenesis through attraction of peripheral blood monocytes into arterial intima.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-431
Number of pages5
JournalZhonghua bing li xue za zhi Chinese journal of pathology
Volume31
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2002

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Diamide
Chemokine CCL3
Endothelial Cells
Conditioned Culture Medium
Monocytes
Nuclease Protection Assays
Tunica Intima
Control Groups
Messenger RNA
Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells
Goats
Lipid Peroxidation
Cell Movement
Atherosclerosis
Proteins
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

The effect of diamide on the expression of macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha in endothelial cells. / Yang, Limin; Zhu, Xuewei; Zhao, Xia; Deng, Zhongduan.

In: Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi Chinese journal of pathology, Vol. 31, No. 5, 10.2002, p. 427-431.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "The effect of diamide on the expression of macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha in endothelial cells",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of diamide on the expression of macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1 alpha) in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells. METHODS: After exposure of the endothelial cells (ECs) to different concentrations of diamide for 4 hours, the MIP-1 alpha mRNA in the cells was detected by nuclease S1 protection assay and the MIP-1 alpha protein in those cells was determined by cell enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The chemotactic activity of MIP-1 alpha in the conditioned medium of ECs treated with diamide for peripheral blood monocytes was tested by microfilter method using modified Boyden chambers. RESULTS: Incubation of ECs with 5 micro mol/L diamide resulted in a 2.4-fold increase in the level of MIP-1 alpha mRNA expression as compared with the control group (t = 8.70, P < 0.05). Exposure of ECs to 1 micro mol/L, 5 micro mol/L and 10 micro mol/L diamide resulted in a 0.9-fold, 1.2-fold, and 0.7-fold increase in the level of MIP-1 alpha protein expression respectively, as compared with the control group (F = 35.65, P < 0.05). Chemotactic assay showed that the migration distance of monocytes towards the conditioned medium (CM) of ECs treated with 5 micromol/L diamide was 99.50 microm +/- 4.31 microm, which was significantly more than the 66.47 microm +/- 3.25 microm towards the conditioned medium of ECs in the non-diamide group, the chemokinetic group (67.03 microm +/- 6.83 microm) and the random migration group (65.40 microm +/- 3.36 microm) (F = 404.31, P < 0.05). The results revealed that there might be chemotactic substances in the conditioned medium of 5 micro mol/L diamide treated ECs. The migration distance of monocytes towards the conditioned medium of the ECs exposed to 5 micromol/L diamide was significantly reduced to 82.80 microm +/- 6.88 microm after the addition of goat anti-human MIP-1 alpha antibody (F = 192.25, P < 0.05), which indicates the chemotactic activity of MIP-1 alpha in the conditioned medium of the ECs in the diamide group. CONCLUSIONS: Diamide, a lipid peroxidation inducer, could stimulate ECs to produce high levels of MIP-1 alpha with chemotactic activity, and may play an important role in atherogenesis through attraction of peripheral blood monocytes into arterial intima.",
author = "Limin Yang and Xuewei Zhu and Xia Zhao and Zhongduan Deng",
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T1 - The effect of diamide on the expression of macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha in endothelial cells

AU - Yang, Limin

AU - Zhu, Xuewei

AU - Zhao, Xia

AU - Deng, Zhongduan

PY - 2002/10

Y1 - 2002/10

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of diamide on the expression of macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1 alpha) in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells. METHODS: After exposure of the endothelial cells (ECs) to different concentrations of diamide for 4 hours, the MIP-1 alpha mRNA in the cells was detected by nuclease S1 protection assay and the MIP-1 alpha protein in those cells was determined by cell enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The chemotactic activity of MIP-1 alpha in the conditioned medium of ECs treated with diamide for peripheral blood monocytes was tested by microfilter method using modified Boyden chambers. RESULTS: Incubation of ECs with 5 micro mol/L diamide resulted in a 2.4-fold increase in the level of MIP-1 alpha mRNA expression as compared with the control group (t = 8.70, P < 0.05). Exposure of ECs to 1 micro mol/L, 5 micro mol/L and 10 micro mol/L diamide resulted in a 0.9-fold, 1.2-fold, and 0.7-fold increase in the level of MIP-1 alpha protein expression respectively, as compared with the control group (F = 35.65, P < 0.05). Chemotactic assay showed that the migration distance of monocytes towards the conditioned medium (CM) of ECs treated with 5 micromol/L diamide was 99.50 microm +/- 4.31 microm, which was significantly more than the 66.47 microm +/- 3.25 microm towards the conditioned medium of ECs in the non-diamide group, the chemokinetic group (67.03 microm +/- 6.83 microm) and the random migration group (65.40 microm +/- 3.36 microm) (F = 404.31, P < 0.05). The results revealed that there might be chemotactic substances in the conditioned medium of 5 micro mol/L diamide treated ECs. The migration distance of monocytes towards the conditioned medium of the ECs exposed to 5 micromol/L diamide was significantly reduced to 82.80 microm +/- 6.88 microm after the addition of goat anti-human MIP-1 alpha antibody (F = 192.25, P < 0.05), which indicates the chemotactic activity of MIP-1 alpha in the conditioned medium of the ECs in the diamide group. CONCLUSIONS: Diamide, a lipid peroxidation inducer, could stimulate ECs to produce high levels of MIP-1 alpha with chemotactic activity, and may play an important role in atherogenesis through attraction of peripheral blood monocytes into arterial intima.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of diamide on the expression of macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1 alpha) in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells. METHODS: After exposure of the endothelial cells (ECs) to different concentrations of diamide for 4 hours, the MIP-1 alpha mRNA in the cells was detected by nuclease S1 protection assay and the MIP-1 alpha protein in those cells was determined by cell enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The chemotactic activity of MIP-1 alpha in the conditioned medium of ECs treated with diamide for peripheral blood monocytes was tested by microfilter method using modified Boyden chambers. RESULTS: Incubation of ECs with 5 micro mol/L diamide resulted in a 2.4-fold increase in the level of MIP-1 alpha mRNA expression as compared with the control group (t = 8.70, P < 0.05). Exposure of ECs to 1 micro mol/L, 5 micro mol/L and 10 micro mol/L diamide resulted in a 0.9-fold, 1.2-fold, and 0.7-fold increase in the level of MIP-1 alpha protein expression respectively, as compared with the control group (F = 35.65, P < 0.05). Chemotactic assay showed that the migration distance of monocytes towards the conditioned medium (CM) of ECs treated with 5 micromol/L diamide was 99.50 microm +/- 4.31 microm, which was significantly more than the 66.47 microm +/- 3.25 microm towards the conditioned medium of ECs in the non-diamide group, the chemokinetic group (67.03 microm +/- 6.83 microm) and the random migration group (65.40 microm +/- 3.36 microm) (F = 404.31, P < 0.05). The results revealed that there might be chemotactic substances in the conditioned medium of 5 micro mol/L diamide treated ECs. The migration distance of monocytes towards the conditioned medium of the ECs exposed to 5 micromol/L diamide was significantly reduced to 82.80 microm +/- 6.88 microm after the addition of goat anti-human MIP-1 alpha antibody (F = 192.25, P < 0.05), which indicates the chemotactic activity of MIP-1 alpha in the conditioned medium of the ECs in the diamide group. CONCLUSIONS: Diamide, a lipid peroxidation inducer, could stimulate ECs to produce high levels of MIP-1 alpha with chemotactic activity, and may play an important role in atherogenesis through attraction of peripheral blood monocytes into arterial intima.

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