Purpose: Blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) MRI based on R*2 measurements can provide insights into tumor vascular oxygenation. However, measurements are susceptible to blood flow, which may vary accompanying a hyperoxic gas challenge. We investigated flow sensitivity by comparing R*2 measurements with and without flow suppression (fs) in 2 orthotopic lung xenograft tumor models. Methods: H460 (n = 20) and A549 (n = 20) human lung tumor xenografts were induced by surgical implantation of cancer cells in the right lung of nude rats. MRI was performed at 4.7T after tumors reached 5 to 8 mm in diameter. A multiecho gradient echo MRI sequence was acquired with and without spatial saturation bands on each side of the imaging plane to evaluate the effect of flow on R*2. fs and non-fs R*2 MRI measurements were interleaved during an oxygen breathing challenge (from air to 100% O2). T*2-weighted signal intensity changes (ΔSI(%)) and R*2 measurements were obtained for regions of interest and on a voxel-by-voxel basis and discrepancies quantified with Bland–Altman analysis. Results: Flow suppression affected ΔSI(%) and R*2 measurements in each tumor model. Average discrepancy and limits of agreement from Bland–Altman analyses revealed greater flow-related bias in A549 than H460. Conclusion: The effect of flow on R*2, and hence BOLD, was tumor model dependent with measurements being more sensitive in well-perfused A549 tumors.
- blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD)
- lung cancer
- oxygen-sensitive MRI
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging