The effect of implanted functional electrical stimulation on gait performance in stroke survivors: A systematic review

Gu Eon Kang, Rebecca Frederick, Brandon Nunley, Lawrence Lavery, Yasin Dhaher, Bijan Najafi, Stuart Cogan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The emerging literature suggests that implantable functional electrical stimulation may improve gait performance in stroke survivors. However, there is no review providing the possible therapeutic effects of implanted functional electrical stimulation on gait performance in stroke survivors. We performed a web-based, systematic paper search using PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and EMBASE. We limited the search results to human subjects and papers published in peer-reviewed journals in English. We did not restrict demographic or clinical characteristics. We included 10 papers in the current systematic review. Across all included studies, we found preliminary evidence of the potential therapeutic effects of functional electrical stimulation on walking endurance, walking speed, ankle mobility, and push-off force in stroke survivors. However, due to the heterogeneity between the included studies, small sample size, and lack of randomized controlled trials, more studies are critically needed to confirm whether implanted functional electrical stimulation can improve gait performance in stroke survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8323
JournalSensors
Volume21
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

Keywords

  • Foot drop
  • Functional electrical stimulation
  • Gait
  • Implant
  • Stroke
  • Stroke rehabilitation
  • Stroke survivors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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