The Effect of Length of Hospital Stay and Patient Factors on Patient Satisfaction in an Academic Hospital

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) is a metric for patient satisfaction consisting of 19 questions divided into 10 domains. Scores affect hospital reimbursements and accreditation and may play a role in patient outcomes. It is unclear how length of stay and other factors affect each of the 10 domains. This retrospective review gathered data of 600 patients between December 2008 and January 2017 who completed the HCAHPS survey. The odds of complete satisfaction in each of the 10 domains was evaluated. The results suggest increased length of stay is associated with lower odds of patient satisfaction and decreased likelihood of recommending the hospital. The odds of being completely satisfied regarding communication with physicians, discharge information, and responsiveness of the hospital staff, as well as the odds of recommending the hospital to others, were lower if the care provider was younger than the patient. Obese patients were also more likely to be satisfied with responsiveness and care transition. Male patients were more satisfied with communication about medications (odds ratio [OR], 1.694), care transition (OR, 1.489), and cleanliness (OR, 2.120). Medicare and fewer consults were related to increased odds of patient satisfaction with care transition (OR, 1.748 and 0.573, respectively). Males, older patients, and White patients were more likely to recommend the hospital (OR, 1.476, 1.025, and 1.690, respectively). Length of stay affects patient satisfaction and likelihood of recommending the hospital to others. Other factors such as a younger provider age than the patient, lower body mass index, female sex, non-Medicare insurance, and higher number of consults are also associated with lower satisfaction in various domains. Hospital systems can bolster patient satisfaction by strategizing day-of-surgery and weekend staffing to reduce length of stay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-379
Number of pages7
JournalOrthopedics
Volume43
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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