The effect of nonpreserved care solutions on 12 months of daily and extended silicone hydrogel contact lens wear

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Abstract

PURPOSE. To determine the effects of nonpreserved care solutions on human corneal epithelium in long-term daily wear (DW) compared with overnight (extended) wear (EW) of hyper- oxygen-permeable silicone hydrogel contact lenses. METHODS. This was a prospective, randomized, double-masked, single-center, parallel treatment group clinical trial (NCT 00344643). One hundred twenty-one patients completed the 13 month study: (1) Lotrafilcon A (30 night EW, n = 29; DW, n = 32); (2) Galyfilcon A (DW, n = 20); and (3) Lotrafilcon B (6 night EW, n = 20; DW, n = 21). Irrigation chamber collection of corneal surface cells (OD) and confocal microscopy (OS) were performed at baseline, 1 week; and 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months of EW. The main outcome measures were: (1) Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) binding to exfoliated corneal surface cells; (2) central epithelial thickness (CET); and (3) epithelial surface cell exfoliation rate (desquamation). RESULTS. DW had no significant effect on CET; there was a decrease in CET with EW that recovered (adapted) over 1 year (Lotrafilcon B, P < 0.05). All lens wear (DW, EW) decreased desquamation with adaptive effects over 1 year (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in PA binding between lenses or modality of wear. CONCLUSIONS. PA binding to corneal epithelial cells is a prerequisite for infection, and no binding indicates no lens-enhanced risk of infection. In contrast to prior studies of preserved lens-care products, the absence of a change in the PA binding data results predict that the risk for PA CTL-keratitis should be similar for daily and extended silicone hydrogel lens wear over 1 year when preservative-free care solutions are used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-15
Number of pages9
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2008

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Hydrogel
Contact Lenses
Silicones
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Lenses
Epithelial Cells
Corneal Epithelium
Keratitis
Infection
Confocal Microscopy
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Clinical Trials
Oxygen
lotrafilcon B

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

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title = "The effect of nonpreserved care solutions on 12 months of daily and extended silicone hydrogel contact lens wear",
abstract = "PURPOSE. To determine the effects of nonpreserved care solutions on human corneal epithelium in long-term daily wear (DW) compared with overnight (extended) wear (EW) of hyper- oxygen-permeable silicone hydrogel contact lenses. METHODS. This was a prospective, randomized, double-masked, single-center, parallel treatment group clinical trial (NCT 00344643). One hundred twenty-one patients completed the 13 month study: (1) Lotrafilcon A (30 night EW, n = 29; DW, n = 32); (2) Galyfilcon A (DW, n = 20); and (3) Lotrafilcon B (6 night EW, n = 20; DW, n = 21). Irrigation chamber collection of corneal surface cells (OD) and confocal microscopy (OS) were performed at baseline, 1 week; and 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months of EW. The main outcome measures were: (1) Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) binding to exfoliated corneal surface cells; (2) central epithelial thickness (CET); and (3) epithelial surface cell exfoliation rate (desquamation). RESULTS. DW had no significant effect on CET; there was a decrease in CET with EW that recovered (adapted) over 1 year (Lotrafilcon B, P < 0.05). All lens wear (DW, EW) decreased desquamation with adaptive effects over 1 year (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in PA binding between lenses or modality of wear. CONCLUSIONS. PA binding to corneal epithelial cells is a prerequisite for infection, and no binding indicates no lens-enhanced risk of infection. In contrast to prior studies of preserved lens-care products, the absence of a change in the PA binding data results predict that the risk for PA CTL-keratitis should be similar for daily and extended silicone hydrogel lens wear over 1 year when preservative-free care solutions are used.",
author = "Robertson, {Danielle M} and Petroll, {Walter M} and Cavanagh, {Harrison D}",
year = "2008",
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doi = "10.1167/iovs.07-0940",
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T1 - The effect of nonpreserved care solutions on 12 months of daily and extended silicone hydrogel contact lens wear

AU - Robertson, Danielle M

AU - Petroll, Walter M

AU - Cavanagh, Harrison D

PY - 2008/1

Y1 - 2008/1

N2 - PURPOSE. To determine the effects of nonpreserved care solutions on human corneal epithelium in long-term daily wear (DW) compared with overnight (extended) wear (EW) of hyper- oxygen-permeable silicone hydrogel contact lenses. METHODS. This was a prospective, randomized, double-masked, single-center, parallel treatment group clinical trial (NCT 00344643). One hundred twenty-one patients completed the 13 month study: (1) Lotrafilcon A (30 night EW, n = 29; DW, n = 32); (2) Galyfilcon A (DW, n = 20); and (3) Lotrafilcon B (6 night EW, n = 20; DW, n = 21). Irrigation chamber collection of corneal surface cells (OD) and confocal microscopy (OS) were performed at baseline, 1 week; and 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months of EW. The main outcome measures were: (1) Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) binding to exfoliated corneal surface cells; (2) central epithelial thickness (CET); and (3) epithelial surface cell exfoliation rate (desquamation). RESULTS. DW had no significant effect on CET; there was a decrease in CET with EW that recovered (adapted) over 1 year (Lotrafilcon B, P < 0.05). All lens wear (DW, EW) decreased desquamation with adaptive effects over 1 year (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in PA binding between lenses or modality of wear. CONCLUSIONS. PA binding to corneal epithelial cells is a prerequisite for infection, and no binding indicates no lens-enhanced risk of infection. In contrast to prior studies of preserved lens-care products, the absence of a change in the PA binding data results predict that the risk for PA CTL-keratitis should be similar for daily and extended silicone hydrogel lens wear over 1 year when preservative-free care solutions are used.

AB - PURPOSE. To determine the effects of nonpreserved care solutions on human corneal epithelium in long-term daily wear (DW) compared with overnight (extended) wear (EW) of hyper- oxygen-permeable silicone hydrogel contact lenses. METHODS. This was a prospective, randomized, double-masked, single-center, parallel treatment group clinical trial (NCT 00344643). One hundred twenty-one patients completed the 13 month study: (1) Lotrafilcon A (30 night EW, n = 29; DW, n = 32); (2) Galyfilcon A (DW, n = 20); and (3) Lotrafilcon B (6 night EW, n = 20; DW, n = 21). Irrigation chamber collection of corneal surface cells (OD) and confocal microscopy (OS) were performed at baseline, 1 week; and 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months of EW. The main outcome measures were: (1) Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) binding to exfoliated corneal surface cells; (2) central epithelial thickness (CET); and (3) epithelial surface cell exfoliation rate (desquamation). RESULTS. DW had no significant effect on CET; there was a decrease in CET with EW that recovered (adapted) over 1 year (Lotrafilcon B, P < 0.05). All lens wear (DW, EW) decreased desquamation with adaptive effects over 1 year (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in PA binding between lenses or modality of wear. CONCLUSIONS. PA binding to corneal epithelial cells is a prerequisite for infection, and no binding indicates no lens-enhanced risk of infection. In contrast to prior studies of preserved lens-care products, the absence of a change in the PA binding data results predict that the risk for PA CTL-keratitis should be similar for daily and extended silicone hydrogel lens wear over 1 year when preservative-free care solutions are used.

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U2 - 10.1167/iovs.07-0940

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