Background:To evaluate the change in intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) who underwent optic nerve sheath fenestration (ONSF) and to determine if radiographic evidence of posterior scleral or globe indentation influenced IOP.Methods:This is a retrospective analysis of IOP in IIH patients who underwent ONSF. The study included all patients from September 2010 to March 2018 operated on by a single surgeon (R.M.). IOPs preoperatively and postoperatively were recorded along with the acetazolamide dosage and whether there was evidence of posterior scleral or globe indentation on preoperative MRI.Results:A total of 29 patients (35 eyes) with IIH underwent ONSF. The average reduction in IOP among all patients was 1.24 mm Hg (P = 0.0218), but this increased to 2.69 mm Hg (P = 0.004) in patients who were maintained on the same dosage of acetazolamide in the preoperative and postoperative period. Furthermore, the reduction in IOP in those with posterior scleral or globe indentation was 2.5 mm Hg (P = 0.0095). When the perioperative period was evaluated, the mean decrease in IOP was 1.83 mm Hg (P = 0.0217).Conclusions:Reducing the cerebral spinal fluid pressure (CSFP) at the level of the intraorbital optic nerve through an ONSF can slightly reduce the IOP. In those with evidence of posterior globe or scleral indentation/flattening, the reduction in IOP was higher, which supports the theory that CSF pressure indents the globe and leads to an increase in IOP. Although these changes in IOP are small, this study provides further evidence for a connection between IOP and CSFP.
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