The effects of several additives on the production of a lantibiotic, nukacin ISK-1, from Staphylococcus warneri ISK-1, in batch fermentation were studied. NaCl, KCl and sorbitol stimulated nukacin ISK-1 production. The addition of 1.4 M NaCl increased nukacin ISK-1 activity 1.5-fold over the control, while cell growth and glucose consumption were inhibited. Nukacin ISK-1 production increased with increasing osmolarity of the medium up to about 3 osmol/kg; however, further increases in osmolarity diminished productivity, irrespective of the kind of additive. Northern blot analysis showed that transcription of the nukacin ISK-1 structural gene (nukA) was activated in the presence of 1.4 M NaCl. These data indicate that the stimulation effect was due to osmotic stress, which acted, at least in part, at the transcriptional level on the nukA gene.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology