The effect of phosphate supplementation on linear growth in children with X-linked hypophosphatemia

M. G. Seikaly, R. H. Browne, M. Baum

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Abstract

Background. X-linked hypophosphatemia is the most common inherited cause of rickets. Current therapy for this disorder includes vitamin D and phosphate supplementation; however, phosphate therapy has been associated with nephrocalcinosis. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of oral phosphate therapy on growth in patients with X-linked hypophosphatemia treated with either calcitriol or dihydrotachysterol (vitamin D). Methods. We retrospectively evaluated the prepubertal growth of 36 children with X- linked hypophosphatemia. The height standard deviation score (Z-score) of patients initially treated with vitamin D alone and the Z-scores of patients treated with vitamin D and phosphate therapy were compared. In addition, the growth of patients treated with vitamin D was compared with that of patients treated with vitamin D and phosphate from the outset of therapy. Results. Patients treated with vitamin D alone for 5.36 ± 2.18 years had an improvement in Z-score from -3.18 ± 1.10 to -2.49 ± 0.66 SDS, P < .05. Adding phosphate therapy for patients initially treated with vitamin D alone for 4.83 ± 2.99 years did not further improve Z-score (-2.49 ± 0.66 vs - 2.35 ± 0.83). Initial therapy with vitamin D and phosphate for 4.33 ± 2.19 years also improved Z-score, (-2.84 ± 1.02 vs -1.98 ± 0.82, P < .05). The change in Z-score was similar to the group treated with vitamin D alone compared with the group treated initially with vitamin D and phosphate (0.65 ± 0.54 vs 0.85 ± 0.65, respectively). Conclusion. These data demonstrate that both vitamin D alone and in combination with phosphate improved linear growth. Adding oral phosphate for children initially treated with vitamin D alone did not improve Z-score. Initial therapy with vitamin D and vitamin D plus phosphate produced similar changes in linear growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)478-481
Number of pages4
JournalPediatrics
Volume94
Issue number4 I
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

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Keywords

  • X-linked hypophosphatemia
  • Z-score
  • phosphate
  • vitamin D
  • vitamin D-resistant rickets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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