The effect of power and space on foreign diplomatic presence in the United States: A spatial modeling approach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article explains the variations in foreign diplomatic presence in the U.S. from 1980 to 2000 as a function of the national capabilities of and spatial relationship among nations. We decompose spatial effect into three measures: spatial proximity, spatial dependence, and spatial heterogeneity. We found significant spatial dependence both in the diplomatic interaction and capabilities of nations. Spatial variation in foreign diplomatic presence was adequately explained by national capabilities of U.S. diplomatic partners from 1980 to 1992. However, after 1992, international power distribution alone could no longer fully explain the spatial variations in the foreign diplomatic presence in the U.S. Spatial effect must be taken into account when explaining the variations in the foreign diplomatic presence in the U.S.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-63
Number of pages11
JournalGeographic Information Sciences
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diplomatic relations
  • National power
  • Spatial error model
  • Spatial interaction
  • The United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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