Ojective: To determine the effectiveness of diagnosing forms of lymphoproliferative disease by performing tonsillectomy in pediatric patients who develop symptomatic or asymptomatic tonsillar hypertrophy during immunosuppressive therapy after liver transplantation. Design: Retrospective chart and pathological review. Setting: Urban tertiary referral children's hospital. Main Outcome Measures: The presence of a pathological stage of lymphoproliferative disease or Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) diagnosed using tonsillar specimens, resulting in a change in therapy. Results: Of 275 pediatric patients who underwent liver transplantation, 13 had tonsillectomy performed with histopathological review of the tonsillar specimens. The specimens from 5 patients (39%) demonstrated pathological changes thought to be consistent with EBV-related changes or a form of lymphoproliferative disease. Histological changes ranged from tonsillar hyperplasia associated with EBV infection to large cell lymphoma. Immunosuppressive therapy was reduced or discontinued, and antiviral therapy was initiated. Conclusion: Children who have undergone liver transplantation and develop tonsillar hypertrophy should undergo a diagnostic tonsillectomy, regardless of the clinical presentation, to rule out a form of posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2000|
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