The effects of sacubitril/valsartan on coronary outcomes in PARADIGM-HF

Ulrik M. Mogensen, Lars Køber, Søren L. Kristensen, Pardeep S. Jhund, Jianjian Gong, Martin P. Lefkowitz, Adel R. Rizkala, Jean L. Rouleau, Victor C. Shi, Karl Swedberg, Michael R. Zile, Scott D. Solomon, Milton Packer, John J V McMurray

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Abstract

Background Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I), are beneficial both in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HF-REF) and after myocardial infarction (MI). We examined the effects of the angiotensin-receptor neprilysin inhibitor sacubitril/valsartan, compared with the ACE-I enalapril, on coronary outcomes in PARADIGM-HF. Methods and results We examined the effect of sacubitril/valsartan compared with enalapril on the following outcomes: i) the primary composite endpoint of cardiovascular (CV) death or HF hospitalization, ii) a pre-defined broader composite including, in addition, MI, stroke, and resuscitated sudden death, and iii) a post hoc coronary composite of CV-death, non-fatal MI, angina hospitalization or coronary revascularization. At baseline, of 8399 patients, 3634 (43.3%) had a prior MI and 4796 (57.1%) had a history of any coronary artery disease. Among all patients, compared with enalapril, sacubitril/valsartan reduced the risk of the primary outcome (HR 0.80 [0.73–0.87], P < .001), the broader composite (HR 0.83 [0.76–0.90], P < .001) and the coronary composite (HR 0.83 [0.75–0.92], P < .001). Although each of the components of the coronary composite occurred less frequently in the sacubitril/valsartan group, compared with the enalapril group, only CV death was reduced significantly. Conclusions Compared with enalapril, sacubitril/valsartan reduced the risk of both the primary endpoint and a coronary composite outcome in PARADIGM-HF. Additional studies on the effect of sacubitril/valsartan on atherothrombotic outcomes in high-risk patients are merited.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-41
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican heart journal
Volume188
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Mogensen, U. M., Køber, L., Kristensen, S. L., Jhund, P. S., Gong, J., Lefkowitz, M. P., Rizkala, A. R., Rouleau, J. L., Shi, V. C., Swedberg, K., Zile, M. R., Solomon, S. D., Packer, M., & McMurray, J. J. V. (2017). The effects of sacubitril/valsartan on coronary outcomes in PARADIGM-HF. American heart journal, 188, 35-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ahj.2017.02.034