The effects of silicone hydrogel lens wear on the corneal epithelium and risk for microbial keratitis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies using animal models and human clinical trials have demonstrated that the use of low-oxygen-transmissible contact lens materials produce corneal epithelial surface damage resulting in increased Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) adhesion and raft-mediated internalization into surface corneal epithelial cells. These findings led to the testable clinical predictions that (1) microbial keratitis (MK) risk is expected to be the greatest during the first 6 months of wear; (2) there is no difference between 6 and 30 night extended wear; and (3) that wear of hyperoxygen-transmissible lenses would reduce the reported incidence of infection. Subsequent epidemiologic studies have confirmed the first two predictions; however, increased oxygen transmissibility with silicone hydrogel (SiHy) lens wear has not altered the overall incidence of MK. In this review, more recent clinical and basic studies that investigate epithelial alterations and bacterial adhesion to corneal epithelial cells after the wear of SiHy lenses with and without concomitant exposure to chemically preserved multipurpose solutions (MPS) will be examined. The collective results of these studies demonstrate that even in the absence of lens-related hypoxia, MPS induce ocular surface changes during SiHy lens wear that are associated with a pathophysiologic increase in PA adherence and internalization in the corneal epithelium, and therefore, predict a greater risk for PA-MK. In addition, new data supporting an interactive role for inflammation in facilitating PA adherence and internalization in the corneal epithelium will also be discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-72
Number of pages6
JournalEye and Contact Lens
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • Corneal epithelium
  • Microbial keratitis
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Silicone hydrogel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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