Patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) often develop resistance to antivascular drugs and eventually succumb to disease. However, the underlying molecular mechanism remains poorly understood. In this study, we demonstrated that RASAL2, a RAS GTPase-activating protein, played a tumor-suppressive role in RCC by targeting tumor angiogenesis. Firstly, we showed that RASAL2 was frequently epigenetically silenced in RCC, and its loss was negatively correlated with overall survival of RCC patients. Furthermore, we discovered that RASAL2 could inhibit RCC angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, we identified that RASAL2 could activate GSK3β by reducing Ser9 phosphorylation and subsequently decrease the expression of c-FOS and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA). Interruption of the p-GSK3β/c-FOS pathway with the specific inhibitor or small interfering RNA could reverse the expression of VEGFA, which may provide a new insight to prevent RCC from resistance to antivascular therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology
- Cancer Research