The mRNAs for two kallikrein gene family members expressed in the rat kidney have been characterized. One mRNA (PS) has previously been found in the pancreas and submaxillary gland and encodes true kallikrein. The second mRNA (Kl) encodes a novel kallikrein-like enzyme expressed in the kidney and submaxillary gland that retains many of the key amino acid residues for the characteristic enzymatic cleavage specificity of kallikrein. Two oligonucleotide hybridization probes specific for the K1 mRNA demonstrate that the K1 mRNA is expressed in the kidney and submaxillary gland, but in none of the other eight tissues known to express one or more members of the rat kallikrein gene family. The K1 mRNA is the dominant kallikrein-related mRNA of the kidney, expressed at roughly 10 times the level of the true kallikrein (PS) mRNA. In the submaxillary gland the K1 mRNA is expressed at roughly one-fourth the level of true kallikrein mRNA.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology