The generation and anti-myeloma activity of a chimeric anti-CD54 antibody, cUV3

Joan E. Smallshaw, Elaine Coleman, Camelia Spiridon, Ellen S. Vitetta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite new treatment options, including autologous and allogeneic stem cell transplants, multiple myeloma remains an incurable disease. The authors developed and characterized a murine anti-human ICAM-1 (CD54) monoclonal antibody, UV3, which is highly effective in SCID mice with advanced human myeloma xenografts (SCID/ARH-77). To improve the effector functions and pharmacokinetic parameters and to reduce its immunogenicity in humans, the authors engineered this monoclonal antibody into a mouse/human IgG1κ chimeric (c) antibody, cUV3. Following co-expression and purification of the genetically spliced heavy and light chain constructs, the authors compared cUV3 and UV3 in various in vitro assays, including relative cell-binding affinities and effector functions, namely antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and complement-dependent cytotoxicity. The authors compared their in vivo retention times and biodistribution patterns in normal mice. In each assay, the authors found that cUV3 was essentially equivalent to UV3. Finally, these antibodies were tested in a SCID/ARH-77 model of advanced myeloma, with daily treatments of 4 μg/g for 4 consecutive days commencing 14 days after tumor cell inoculation. cUV3 was at least as effective as UV3; 40% and 20% of the mice, respectively, were cured, with no sign of disease at day 150. The authors intend to evaluate the efficacy of cUV3 further in SCID/ARH-77 mice using other doses and dosing schedules to try to improve the cure rate. Eventually, they hope to test the efficacy of cUV3 in patients with multiple myeloma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-424
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunotherapy
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

Keywords

  • ADCC
  • Biodistribution
  • CD54
  • CDC
  • Chimeric antibody
  • ICAM-I
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • SCID mouse tumor model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research

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