The health of Latino children

Urgent priorities, unanswered questions, and a research agenda

Glenn Flores, Elena Fuentes-Afflick, Oxiris Barbot, Olivia Carter-Pokras, Luz Claudio, Marielena Lara, Jennie A. McLaurin, Lee Pachter, Francisco Ramos Gomez, Fernando Mendoza, R. Burciaga Valdez, Antonia M. Villarruel, Ruth E. Zambrana, Robert Greenberg, Michael Weitzman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

354 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Latinos recently became the largest racial/ethnic minority group of US children. The Latino Consortium of the American Academy of Pediatrics Center for Child Health Research, consisting of 13 expert panelists, identified the most important urgent priorities and unanswered questions in Latino child health. Conclusions were drawn when consensus was reached among members, with refinement through multiple iterations. A consensus statement with supporting references was drafted and revised. This article summarizes the key issues, including lack of validated research instruments, frequent unjustified exclusion from studies, and failure to analyze data by pertinent subgroups. Latino children are at high risk for behavioral and developmental disorders, and there are many unanswered questions about their mental health needs and use of services. The prevalence of dental caries is disproportionately higher for Latino children, but the reasons for this disparity are unclear. Culture and language can profoundly affect Latino children's health, but not enough cultural competency training of health care professionals and provision of linguistically appropriate care occur. Latinos are underrepresented at every level of the health care professions. Latino children are at high risk for school dropout, environmental hazards, obesity, diabetes mellitus, asthma, lack of health insurance, nonfinancial barriers to health care access, and impaired quality of care, but many key questions in these areas remain unanswered. This article suggests areas in which more research is needed and ways to improve research and care of Latino children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-90
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Medical Association
Volume288
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 3 2002

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
Research
Consensus
Student Dropouts
Cultural Competency
Delivery of Health Care
Child Health
Minority Groups
Health Occupations
Health Services Accessibility
Quality of Health Care
Dental Caries
Health Insurance
Child Care
Ethnic Groups
Health Status
Diabetes Mellitus
Mental Health
Language
Asthma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Flores, G., Fuentes-Afflick, E., Barbot, O., Carter-Pokras, O., Claudio, L., Lara, M., ... Weitzman, M. (2002). The health of Latino children: Urgent priorities, unanswered questions, and a research agenda. Journal of the American Medical Association, 288(1), 82-90.

The health of Latino children : Urgent priorities, unanswered questions, and a research agenda. / Flores, Glenn; Fuentes-Afflick, Elena; Barbot, Oxiris; Carter-Pokras, Olivia; Claudio, Luz; Lara, Marielena; McLaurin, Jennie A.; Pachter, Lee; Gomez, Francisco Ramos; Mendoza, Fernando; Burciaga Valdez, R.; Villarruel, Antonia M.; Zambrana, Ruth E.; Greenberg, Robert; Weitzman, Michael.

In: Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 288, No. 1, 03.07.2002, p. 82-90.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Flores, G, Fuentes-Afflick, E, Barbot, O, Carter-Pokras, O, Claudio, L, Lara, M, McLaurin, JA, Pachter, L, Gomez, FR, Mendoza, F, Burciaga Valdez, R, Villarruel, AM, Zambrana, RE, Greenberg, R & Weitzman, M 2002, 'The health of Latino children: Urgent priorities, unanswered questions, and a research agenda', Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 288, no. 1, pp. 82-90.
Flores G, Fuentes-Afflick E, Barbot O, Carter-Pokras O, Claudio L, Lara M et al. The health of Latino children: Urgent priorities, unanswered questions, and a research agenda. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2002 Jul 3;288(1):82-90.
Flores, Glenn ; Fuentes-Afflick, Elena ; Barbot, Oxiris ; Carter-Pokras, Olivia ; Claudio, Luz ; Lara, Marielena ; McLaurin, Jennie A. ; Pachter, Lee ; Gomez, Francisco Ramos ; Mendoza, Fernando ; Burciaga Valdez, R. ; Villarruel, Antonia M. ; Zambrana, Ruth E. ; Greenberg, Robert ; Weitzman, Michael. / The health of Latino children : Urgent priorities, unanswered questions, and a research agenda. In: Journal of the American Medical Association. 2002 ; Vol. 288, No. 1. pp. 82-90.
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