The Impact of Comorbidities and Complications on Burn Injury Inpatient Rehabilitation Outcomes

Jeffrey C. Schneider, Paul Gerrard, Richard Goldstein, Margaret A. DiVita, Paulette Niewczyk, Colleen M. Ryan, Karen Kowalske, Ross Zafonte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To examine the impact of comorbidities and complications on burn inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRF) outcomes. Design A retrospective cross-sectional study Setting Inpatient rehabilitation hospitals.Patients A total of 4572 patients with a primary diagnosis of burn injury from the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation database from 2002 to 2010. Methods or Interventions Regression analyses were used to determine whether 3 different comorbidity measures (Charlson Comorbidity Index, Elixhauser Comoribidity Index, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Comorbidity Tiers) and 1 complication measure improved the predictive model (c-statistic) for each outcome measure. Main Outcome Measurements Community discharge, Functional Independence Measure (FIM) gain, length of stay efficiency, transfer to acute care within the first 3 days of IRF stay, and transfer to acute care for all time periods. Results For all outcomes, there was no difference between the Standard Model and the models that include the comorbidity and complication variables as measured by the c-statistic confidence intervals. Comorbidities and complications did not significantly affect burn IRF outcomes. Future research is needed to examine the impact of comorbidities and complications on outcomes of other IRF populations to better understand the implications for current and future health care policy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-121
Number of pages8
JournalPM and R
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Schneider, J. C., Gerrard, P., Goldstein, R., DiVita, M. A., Niewczyk, P., Ryan, C. M., ... Zafonte, R. (2013). The Impact of Comorbidities and Complications on Burn Injury Inpatient Rehabilitation Outcomes. PM and R, 5(2), 114-121. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmrj.2012.07.014