Aims: The number of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) patients with comorbidities is increasing and there are limited data on response to PAH-targeted therapies in this population. These post hoc analyses explored the effect of selexipag in PAH patients with cardiovascular comorbidities in the GRIPHON study. Methods and results: Randomized patients (n = 1156) were classified using three methods: (i) by subgroups defined according to previously published comorbidity count and restrictive haemodynamic criteria: Subgroup A (<3 comorbidities and haemodynamic criteria met; n = 962) and Subgroup B (≥3 comorbidities and/or haemodynamic criteria not met; n = 144); comorbidities included body mass index ≥30 kg/m2, essential hypertension, diabetes, history of coronary artery disease; (ii) by number of comorbidities, with addition of atrial fibrillation (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5); (iii) by presence of individual comorbidities. Selexipag to placebo hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for morbidity/mortality (primary composite endpoint) were estimated using Cox regression adjusting selexipag effect for baseline covariates. Approximately half of the patients in GRIPHON (n = 584; 50.5%) had comorbidities. Selexipag reduced the risk of a morbidity/mortality event compared with placebo in both Subgroup A (HR 0.66, 95% CI 0.53, 0.82) and Subgroup B (HR 0.50, 95% CI 0.26, 0.96), with no evidence of an inconsistent treatment effect between subgroups (interaction p = 0.432). Consistent results were observed in analyses by number and by specific type of comorbidity. Conclusion: Selexipag reduces the risk of a morbidity/mortality event vs. placebo irrespective of patient comorbidity status, suggesting that comorbidity status does not influence the treatment effect of selexipag.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine