The impact of squamous histology on survival in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer

Justin T. Matulay, Solomon L. Woldu, Amy Lim, Vikram M. Narayan, Gen Li, Ashish M. Kamat, Christopher B. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Bladder cancer is the ninth most common noncutaneous malignancy worldwide, though a fraction (2%–5%)are diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)in the Western world. Current understanding is based on small, single-institution studies and SEER-database reviews with conflicting results. We used the National Cancer Database to explore clinical characteristics and outcomes from a large cohort of invasive bladder SCC. Methods: We queried the National Cancer Database for diagnoses of urothelial carcinoma (UC)or SCC using International Classification of Disease-O-3 morphologic codes from cases reported between 2004 and 2015. Primary outcome was overall survival in cT2-4N0M0 bladder cancer. Statistical analysis performed using chi-squared test, Kaplan-Meier survival, binomial logistic regression, and Cox proportional hazards. Results: The final cohort included 394,979 bladder cancer patients, of which 4,783 (1.2%)were classified as SCC histology. In comparison to UC, patients with SCC were more likely female (49% vs. 24%; P < 0.01)and African American (11% vs. 5%; P < 0.01). Patients with SCC presented at a higher stage than UC with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC)present at diagnosis in 70% vs. 19%. On multivariate analysis, SCC independently predicted poorer prognosis (hazard-ratio [HR]1.79, P < 0.01)when controlling for patient characteristics and treatment modality. Unlike UC, there was no benefit with the use of NAC over radical cystectomy alone (HR 0.93, P = 0.69)for patients with SCC. Conclusions: Invasive SCC of the bladder carries a worse prognosis as compared to UC histology, both overall and on a stage-for-stage basis. As opposed to UC, we did not observe a survival benefit for NAC among SCC patients treated with cystectomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353.e17-353.e24
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Volume37
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019

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Keywords

  • Invasive bladder cancer
  • Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
  • Squamous cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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