The importance of illumination in a non-contact photoplethysmography imaging system for burn wound assessment

Weirong Mo, Rachit Mohan, Weizhi Li, Xu Zhang, Eric W. Sellke, Wensheng Fan, J. Michael Dimaio, Jeffery E. Thatcher

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

19 Scopus citations


We present a non-contact, reflective photoplethysmogram (PPG) imaging method and a prototype system for identifying the presence of dermal burn wounds during a burn debridement surgery. This system aims to provide assistance to clinicians and surgeons in the process of dermal wound management and wound triage decisions. We examined the system variables of illumination uniformity and intensity and present our findings. An LED array, a tungsten light source, and eventually high-power LED emitters were studied as illumination methods for our PPG imaging device. These three different illumination sources were tested in a controlled tissue phantom model and an animal burn model. We found that the low heat and even illumination pattern using high power LED emitters provided a substantial improvement to the collected PPG signal in our animal burn model. These improvements allow the PPG signal from different pixels to be comparable in both time-domain and frequency-domain, simplify the illumination subsystem complexity, and remove the necessity of using high dynamic range cameras. Through the burn model output comparison, such as the blood volume in animal burn data and controlled tissue phantom model, our optical improvements have led to more clinically applicable images to aid in burn assessment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPhotonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics XI
EditorsHyun Wook Kang, Justus F. Ilgner, Melissa C. Skala, Laura Marcu, Haishan Zeng, Mark W. Dewhirst, Kenton W. Gregory, Andreas Mandelis, Bernard Choi, Brian Jet-Fei Wong, Claus-Peter Richter, Guillermo J. Tearney, Alfred Nuttal, Nikiforos Kollias
ISBN (Electronic)9781628413939
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
EventPhotonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics XI - San Francisco, United States
Duration: Feb 7 2015Feb 8 2015

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


OtherPhotonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics XI
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco


  • Illumination
  • Imaging
  • Infrared
  • Medical imaging
  • Non-invasive
  • Photoplethysmography
  • Tissue phantom

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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