The infected diabetic foot: Can serum biomarkers predict osteomyelitis after hospital discharge for diabetic foot infections?

Peter Andrew Crisologo, Kathryn E. Davis, Junho Ahn, David Farrar, Suzanne Van Asten, Javier La Fontaine, Lawrence A. Lavery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate serum biomarkers to monitor high-risk patients for reinfection of bone. Thirty-five patients were prospectively enrolled with moderate to severe diabetic foot infections with suspicion of osteomyelitis. Bone samples were obtained for culture and histology. Clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients were compared using χ2 square test. Biomarkers (white blood cell count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, c-reactive protein, procalcitonin, interleukin-6, interleukin-8, and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1) were assessed at baseline, 3, and 6 weeks after treatment initiation and evaluated for correlation with reinfection of bone. After 6 weeks of antibiotic treatment, ESR at 73.5 mm/h (sensitivity 62.5%, specificity 100%, area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) 0.7839, 95% CI 0.54-1.00, P <.01) and IL-8 at 15.09 mg/dL (sensitivity 42.9%, specificity 92.0% AUROC 0.6286, 95% CI 0.36-0.90, P =.0496) were associated with reinfection of bone. An increase in IL-8 from week 0 to 6 >0.95 mg/dL was associated with reinfection (sensitivity 71%, specificity 72% AUROC 0.7057, 95% CI 0.49-0.92, P =.04). An ESR change from week 0-6 of −16.5% (sensitivity 71.4%, specificity 86.4% AUROC 0.7403, 95% CI 0.48-1.00, P =.02), CRP (-)74.4% (sensitivity 66.7%, specificity 91.3% AUROC 0.7174, 95% CI 0.40-1.00, P =.04), IL-6 (-)49.9% (sensitivity 71.4%, specificity 76% AUROC 0.7371, 95% CI 0.47-1.00, P =.04), and IL-8 29% (sensitivity 85.7%, specificity 56.0% AUROC of 0.7343, 95% CI 0.54-0.93, P =.048) were associated with increased risk of reinfection. Pilot data suggest that serum biomarkers (ESR, IL8 and IL6, MCP-1) may be correlated with developing osteomyelitis and could be used to monitor high-risk patients for reinfection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalWound Repair and Regeneration
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Dermatology

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