The inhibitory effect of HKa in endothelial cell tube formation is mediated by disrupting the uPA-uPAR complex and inhibiting its signaling and internalization

Yuchuan Liu, Dian J. Cao, Irma M. Sainz, Yan Lin Guo, Robert W. Colman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In two-dimensional (2-D) culture systems, we have previously shown that cleaved two-chain high-molecular-weight kininogen (HKa) or its domain 5 induced apoptosis by disrupting urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) receptor (uPAR)-integrin signal complex formation. In the present study, we used a three-dimensional (3-D) collagen-fibrinogen culture system to monitor the effects of HKa on tube formation. In a 3-D system, HKa significantly inhibited tube and vacuole formation as low as 10 nM, which represents 1.5% of the physiological concentration of high-molecular-weigh kininogen (660 nM), without apparent apoptosis. However, HKa (300 nM) completely inhibited tube formation and increased apoptotic cells about 2-fold by 20-24 h of incubation. uPA-dependent ERK activation and uPAR internalization regulate cell survival and migration. In a 2-D system, we found that exogenous uPA-induced ERK phosphorylation and uPAR internalization were blocked by HKa. In a 3-D system, we found that not only uPA-uPAR association but also the activation of ERK were inhibited by HKa. HKa disrupts the uPA-uPAR complex, inhibiting the signaling pathways, and also inhibits uPAR internalization and regeneration to the cell surface, thereby interfering with uPAR-mediated cell migration, proliferation, and survival. Thus, our data suggest that the suppression of ERK activation and uPAR internalization by HKa contributes to the inhibition of tube formation. We conclude that in this 3-D collagen-fibrinogen gel, HKa modulates the multiple functions of uPAR in endothelial cell tube formation, a process that is closely related to in vivo angiogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume295
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2008

Fingerprint

Urokinase Plasminogen Activator Receptors
Endothelial Cells
Plasminogen Activators
Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator
Fibrinogen
Cell Movement
Cell Survival
Collagen
High Molecular Weight Kininogens
Apoptosis
Kininogens
Vacuoles
Integrins
Regeneration
Gels
Phosphorylation
Cell Proliferation

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Extracellular signal-regulated kinase
  • Urokinase plasminogen activator
  • Urokinase plasminogen activator receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

Cite this

The inhibitory effect of HKa in endothelial cell tube formation is mediated by disrupting the uPA-uPAR complex and inhibiting its signaling and internalization. / Liu, Yuchuan; Cao, Dian J.; Sainz, Irma M.; Guo, Yan Lin; Colman, Robert W.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology, Vol. 295, No. 1, 07.2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "In two-dimensional (2-D) culture systems, we have previously shown that cleaved two-chain high-molecular-weight kininogen (HKa) or its domain 5 induced apoptosis by disrupting urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) receptor (uPAR)-integrin signal complex formation. In the present study, we used a three-dimensional (3-D) collagen-fibrinogen culture system to monitor the effects of HKa on tube formation. In a 3-D system, HKa significantly inhibited tube and vacuole formation as low as 10 nM, which represents 1.5{\%} of the physiological concentration of high-molecular-weigh kininogen (660 nM), without apparent apoptosis. However, HKa (300 nM) completely inhibited tube formation and increased apoptotic cells about 2-fold by 20-24 h of incubation. uPA-dependent ERK activation and uPAR internalization regulate cell survival and migration. In a 2-D system, we found that exogenous uPA-induced ERK phosphorylation and uPAR internalization were blocked by HKa. In a 3-D system, we found that not only uPA-uPAR association but also the activation of ERK were inhibited by HKa. HKa disrupts the uPA-uPAR complex, inhibiting the signaling pathways, and also inhibits uPAR internalization and regeneration to the cell surface, thereby interfering with uPAR-mediated cell migration, proliferation, and survival. Thus, our data suggest that the suppression of ERK activation and uPAR internalization by HKa contributes to the inhibition of tube formation. We conclude that in this 3-D collagen-fibrinogen gel, HKa modulates the multiple functions of uPAR in endothelial cell tube formation, a process that is closely related to in vivo angiogenesis.",
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AB - In two-dimensional (2-D) culture systems, we have previously shown that cleaved two-chain high-molecular-weight kininogen (HKa) or its domain 5 induced apoptosis by disrupting urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) receptor (uPAR)-integrin signal complex formation. In the present study, we used a three-dimensional (3-D) collagen-fibrinogen culture system to monitor the effects of HKa on tube formation. In a 3-D system, HKa significantly inhibited tube and vacuole formation as low as 10 nM, which represents 1.5% of the physiological concentration of high-molecular-weigh kininogen (660 nM), without apparent apoptosis. However, HKa (300 nM) completely inhibited tube formation and increased apoptotic cells about 2-fold by 20-24 h of incubation. uPA-dependent ERK activation and uPAR internalization regulate cell survival and migration. In a 2-D system, we found that exogenous uPA-induced ERK phosphorylation and uPAR internalization were blocked by HKa. In a 3-D system, we found that not only uPA-uPAR association but also the activation of ERK were inhibited by HKa. HKa disrupts the uPA-uPAR complex, inhibiting the signaling pathways, and also inhibits uPAR internalization and regeneration to the cell surface, thereby interfering with uPAR-mediated cell migration, proliferation, and survival. Thus, our data suggest that the suppression of ERK activation and uPAR internalization by HKa contributes to the inhibition of tube formation. We conclude that in this 3-D collagen-fibrinogen gel, HKa modulates the multiple functions of uPAR in endothelial cell tube formation, a process that is closely related to in vivo angiogenesis.

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