The International Consensus Classification of acute myeloid leukemia

Olga K. Weinberg, Anna Porwit, Attilio Orazi, Robert P. Hasserjian, Kathryn Foucar, Eric J. Duncavage, Daniel A. Arber

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Acute myeloid leukemias (AMLs) are overlapping hematological neoplasms associated with rapid onset, progressive, and frequently chemo-resistant disease. At diagnosis, classification and risk stratification are critical for treatment decisions. A group with expertise in the clinical, pathologic, and genetic aspects of these disorders developed the International Consensus Classification (ICC) of acute leukemias. One of the major changes includes elimination of AML with myelodysplasia-related changes group, while creating new categories of AML with myelodysplasia-related cytogenetic abnormalities, AML with myelodysplasia-related gene mutations, and AML with mutated TP53. Most of recurrent genetic abnormalities, including mutations in NPM1, that define specific subtypes of AML have a lower requirement of ≥ 10% blasts in the bone marrow or blood, and a new category of MDS/AML is created for other case types with 10–19% blasts. Prior therapy, antecedent myeloid neoplasms or underlying germline genetic disorders predisposing to the development of AML are now recommended as qualifiers to the initial diagnosis of AML. With these changes, classification of AML is updated to include evolving genetic, clinical, and morphologic findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalVirchows Archiv
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Acute myeloid leukemia
  • Classification
  • Genetic abnormalities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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