The intracellular B30.2 domain of butyrophilin 3A1 binds phosphoantigens to mediate activation of human Vγ9Vδ2T Cells

Andrew Sandstrom, Cassie Marie Peigné, Alexandra Léger, James E. Crooks, Fabienne Konczak, Marie Claude Gesnel, Richard Breathnach, Marc Bonneville, Emmanuel Scotet, Erin J. Adams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In humans, Vγ9Vδ2 Tcells detect tumor cells and microbial infections, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis, through recognition of small pyrophosphate containing organic molecules known as phosphoantigens (pAgs). Key to pAg-mediated activation ofVγ9Vδ2 Tcells is the butyrophilin 3A1 (BTN3A1) protein that contains an intracellular B30.2 domain critical to pAg reactivity. Here, we have demonstrated through structural, biophysical, and functional approaches that the intracellular B30.2 domain of BTN3A1 directly binds pAg through a positively charged surface pocket. Charge reversal of pocket residues abrogates binding and Vγ9Vδ2 Tcell activation. We have also identified a gain-of-function mutation within this pocket that, when introduced into the B30.2 domain of the nonstimulatory BTN3A3 isoform, transfers pAg binding ability and Vγ9Vδ2 Tcell activation. These studies demonstrate that internal sensing of changes in pAg metabolite concentrations by BTN3A1 molecules is a critical step in Vγ9Vδ2 Tcell detection of infection and tumorigenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)490-500
Number of pages11
JournalImmunity
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 17 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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