The Intronless and TATA-less Human TAFII55 Gene Contains a Functional Initiator and a Downstream Promoter Element

Tianyuan Zhou, Cheng Ming Chiang

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47 Scopus citations


Human TAFII55 (hTAFII55) is a component of the multisubunit general transcription factor TFIID and has been shown to mediate the functions of many transcriptional activators via direct protein-protein interactions. To uncover the regulatory properties of the general transcription machinery, we have isolated the hTAFII55 gene and dissected the regulatory elements and the core promoter responsible for hTAFII55 gene expression. Surprisingly, the hTAFII55 gene has a single uninterrupted open reading frame and is the only intronless general transcription factor identified so far. Its expression is driven by a TATA-less promoter that contains a functional initiator and a downstream promoter element, as illustrated by both transfection assays and mutational analyses. Moreover, this core promoter can mediate the activity of a transcriptional activator that is artificially recruited to the promoter in a heterologous context. Interestingly, in the promoter-proximal region there are multiple Sp1-binding sites juxtaposed to a single AP2-binding site, indicating that Sp1 and AP2 may regulate the core promoter activity of the hTAFII55 gene. These findings indicate that a combinatorial regulation of a general transcription factor-encoding gene can be conferred by both ubiquitous and cell type-specific transcriptional regulators.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25503-25511
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number27
StatePublished - Jul 6 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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