The Laryngohyoid Complex in Medicolegal Death Investigations

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The laryngohyoid complex, composed of the hyoid bone and laryngeal cartilages, can be of interest in the autopsy setting, particularly when injuries are observed. Analysis of trauma to this structure can assist in establishing cause and manner of death. In many situations, the forensic anthropologist, with their expertise in analyzing bone and cartilage trauma, can assist in analyzing trauma to this complex. Although researchers have tried to study the relationships between causes of trauma to the osseocartilaginous structure and the observed injury pattern, they have not been successful in identifying unique signatures associated with different causes of trauma. This is because different causes can result in the same or similar injury patterns. In addition, variation due to growth and development or due to remote injury may change the structure's biomechanical response. The goal of this paper is to address issues that a forensic pathologist may encounter when assessing potential trauma to the osseocartilaginous structures of the laryngohyoid complex; in particular, it focuses on anatomical variants and trauma resulting from various causes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)486-498
Number of pages13
JournalAcademic Forensic Pathology
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Forensic anthropology
  • Forensic pathology
  • Hanging
  • Laryngohyoid complex
  • Neck trauma
  • Strangulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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