The receptor for low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is synthesized as a 120 kd precursor that undergoes a 40 kd posttranslational increase in apparent molecular weight en route to the cell surface. We describe seven mutations that disrupt synthesis, processing and transport of the receptor in fibroblasts from 77 subjects with the clinical diagnosis of homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia. One mutation obliterates synthesis of immunoprecipitable precursor. Three mutations specify precursors (100, 120 and 135 kd) that fail to undergo normal processing and fail to reach the cell surface. The other three mutations specify precursors (100, 120, and 170 kd) that undergo a normal 40 kd increase in molecular weight and reach the surface, but do not bind LDL normally. Pedigree studies show that each mutation segregates as an allele at the LDL receptor locus. These data imply that signals for transport of receptors from endoplasmic reticulum to the cell surface are contained within the amino acid sequences of the receptors, and that mutations affecting these sequences can disrupt receptor transport.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)