The ligand-receptor interactions of the endothelin systems are mediated by distinct 'message' and 'address' domains

A. Sakamoto, Masashi Yanagisawa, T. Sakurai, K. Nakao, T. Toyo-oka, M. Yano, T. Masaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pharmacologic responses to endothelins (ETs) are mediated by two subtypes of G-protein-coupled receptors, termed ET(A) and ET(B). A chimeric receptor that has the transmembrane domains (TMDs) IV-VI with the adjacent loop regions from ET(B) embedded in the remaining regions from ET(A) exhibits specific bindings to the N-terminally truncated ET(B) agonists 125I- BQ3020 and 125I-IRL1620, to the same level as that of wild-type ET(B) receptor. Furthermore, the ET(A)-selective antagonist BQ123 competed for the binding of these ET(B)-selective radioligands to this chimeric receptor, with K(i) values similar to those determined by using wild-type ET(A) receptor and 125I-ET-1. These findings indicated that the endothelin systems consist of two distinct parts, both on the ligand and receptor sides. The N-terminal loop structure of the agonists and the TMDs IV-VI with adjoining loops of the receptors determine the isopeptide/subtype selectivity. On the other hand, the C-terminal linear portion of the isopeptides and the TMDs I-III and VII plus adjacent loops of the receptors are probably involved in ligand-receptor binding itself. This scheme can be explained by the classic 'message- address' concept proposed for a number of peptidergic ligand families.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S113-S116
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Volume22
Issue numberSUPPL. 8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

Keywords

  • 'Message-address' concept
  • Chimeric human endothelin receptors
  • Selective endothelin ligands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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