The limited role of pneumolysin in the pathogenesis of pneumococcal meningitis

I. R. Friedland, M. M. Paris, S. Hickey, S. Shelton, K. Olsen, J. C. Paton, G. H. McCracken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the role of pneumolysin, an intracellular toxin of Streptococcus pneumoniae, in the pathogenesis of pneumococcal meningitis. Recombinant pneumolysin (1 μg), when injected intracisternally into rabbits, resulted in a brisk inflammatory response. However, a pneumolysin-deficient strain of S. pneumoniae caused meningeal inflammation in rabbits indistinguishable from that induced by the parent pneumolysin-producing strain. Furthermore, similar enhancement of meningeal inflammation occurred after ampicillin therapy in animals infected with either the parent strain or the pneumolysin-deficient mutant. These results suggest that although pneumolysin can stimulate the inflammatory cascade in the central nervous system, it is not necessary for the pathogenesis of meningeal inflammation nor does it playa role in postantibiotic enhancement of meningeal inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)805-809
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume172
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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