The management of Sjögren's syndrome in dental practice

Ibtisam Al-Hashimi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Sjögren's syndrome, or SS, is a multisystem inflammatory disorder of the exocrine glands with a wide range of extraglandular involvement. Symptoms of dry eyes and xerostomia, although not invariably present, are characteristic features of SS. An increased risk of oral and dental diseases is a prominent consequence of SS. Types of Studies Reviewed. The author reviewed recent medical and dental studies that have advanced our understanding of the causes and treatment of SS. She particularly focused on studies addressing the diagnosis and treatment of the oral component of the disease. Results. Sjögren's syndrome is a widely underdiagnosed disease. A delay in the diagnosis of SS may have a significant physical, psychological and economic impact on the affected person. The pathogenesis of SS appears to involve a number of factors: immunological, genetic, hormonal and possibly infectious. Successful management of SS requires a multidisciplinary approach, and the dentist plays an essential role in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Oral Implications. Impairment of salivary function in SS increases the risk of developing oral diseases. Effective management of oral health comprises enhancement of salivary output (cholinergic agonist drugs such as pilocarpine or cevimeline) and prevention and treatment of dental caries, oral candidiasis and allergic mucositis. Finally, periodic evaluation of various clinical and laboratory parameters is needed to monitor disease status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1409-1417
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Dental Association
Volume132
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

Fingerprint

Tooth
Mouth Diseases
Exocrine Glands
Oral Candidiasis
Stomatognathic Diseases
Cholinergic Agonists
Xerostomia
Mucositis
Pilocarpine
Oral Health
Immunologic Factors
Dental Caries
Therapeutics
Dentists
Cholinergic Agents
Economics
Psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

The management of Sjögren's syndrome in dental practice. / Al-Hashimi, Ibtisam.

In: Journal of the American Dental Association, Vol. 132, No. 10, 01.01.2001, p. 1409-1417.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Al-Hashimi, Ibtisam. / The management of Sjögren's syndrome in dental practice. In: Journal of the American Dental Association. 2001 ; Vol. 132, No. 10. pp. 1409-1417.
@article{cedc13dbd9154d7fa95da8ca6725678e,
title = "The management of Sj{\"o}gren's syndrome in dental practice",
abstract = "Background. Sj{\"o}gren's syndrome, or SS, is a multisystem inflammatory disorder of the exocrine glands with a wide range of extraglandular involvement. Symptoms of dry eyes and xerostomia, although not invariably present, are characteristic features of SS. An increased risk of oral and dental diseases is a prominent consequence of SS. Types of Studies Reviewed. The author reviewed recent medical and dental studies that have advanced our understanding of the causes and treatment of SS. She particularly focused on studies addressing the diagnosis and treatment of the oral component of the disease. Results. Sj{\"o}gren's syndrome is a widely underdiagnosed disease. A delay in the diagnosis of SS may have a significant physical, psychological and economic impact on the affected person. The pathogenesis of SS appears to involve a number of factors: immunological, genetic, hormonal and possibly infectious. Successful management of SS requires a multidisciplinary approach, and the dentist plays an essential role in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Oral Implications. Impairment of salivary function in SS increases the risk of developing oral diseases. Effective management of oral health comprises enhancement of salivary output (cholinergic agonist drugs such as pilocarpine or cevimeline) and prevention and treatment of dental caries, oral candidiasis and allergic mucositis. Finally, periodic evaluation of various clinical and laboratory parameters is needed to monitor disease status.",
author = "Ibtisam Al-Hashimi",
year = "2001",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "132",
pages = "1409--1417",
journal = "Journal of the American Dental Association",
issn = "0002-8177",
publisher = "American Dental Association",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The management of Sjögren's syndrome in dental practice

AU - Al-Hashimi, Ibtisam

PY - 2001/1/1

Y1 - 2001/1/1

N2 - Background. Sjögren's syndrome, or SS, is a multisystem inflammatory disorder of the exocrine glands with a wide range of extraglandular involvement. Symptoms of dry eyes and xerostomia, although not invariably present, are characteristic features of SS. An increased risk of oral and dental diseases is a prominent consequence of SS. Types of Studies Reviewed. The author reviewed recent medical and dental studies that have advanced our understanding of the causes and treatment of SS. She particularly focused on studies addressing the diagnosis and treatment of the oral component of the disease. Results. Sjögren's syndrome is a widely underdiagnosed disease. A delay in the diagnosis of SS may have a significant physical, psychological and economic impact on the affected person. The pathogenesis of SS appears to involve a number of factors: immunological, genetic, hormonal and possibly infectious. Successful management of SS requires a multidisciplinary approach, and the dentist plays an essential role in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Oral Implications. Impairment of salivary function in SS increases the risk of developing oral diseases. Effective management of oral health comprises enhancement of salivary output (cholinergic agonist drugs such as pilocarpine or cevimeline) and prevention and treatment of dental caries, oral candidiasis and allergic mucositis. Finally, periodic evaluation of various clinical and laboratory parameters is needed to monitor disease status.

AB - Background. Sjögren's syndrome, or SS, is a multisystem inflammatory disorder of the exocrine glands with a wide range of extraglandular involvement. Symptoms of dry eyes and xerostomia, although not invariably present, are characteristic features of SS. An increased risk of oral and dental diseases is a prominent consequence of SS. Types of Studies Reviewed. The author reviewed recent medical and dental studies that have advanced our understanding of the causes and treatment of SS. She particularly focused on studies addressing the diagnosis and treatment of the oral component of the disease. Results. Sjögren's syndrome is a widely underdiagnosed disease. A delay in the diagnosis of SS may have a significant physical, psychological and economic impact on the affected person. The pathogenesis of SS appears to involve a number of factors: immunological, genetic, hormonal and possibly infectious. Successful management of SS requires a multidisciplinary approach, and the dentist plays an essential role in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Oral Implications. Impairment of salivary function in SS increases the risk of developing oral diseases. Effective management of oral health comprises enhancement of salivary output (cholinergic agonist drugs such as pilocarpine or cevimeline) and prevention and treatment of dental caries, oral candidiasis and allergic mucositis. Finally, periodic evaluation of various clinical and laboratory parameters is needed to monitor disease status.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035490603&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035490603&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 11680356

AN - SCOPUS:0035490603

VL - 132

SP - 1409

EP - 1417

JO - Journal of the American Dental Association

JF - Journal of the American Dental Association

SN - 0002-8177

IS - 10

ER -