The molecular basis of neurotrophic keratitis

Harrison D Cavanagh, A. M. Colley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract Endogenous proliferation of corneal epithelial cells is regulated by a bidirectional control process characterized by an adrenergic, cAMP‐dependent ‘off’, and a cholinergic, muscarinic cGMP‐dependent ‘on’ response. The adrenergic receptor(s) are located in the plasma membrane (microsomal fraction), whereas the novel feature of the system is a cholinergic receptor specific for acetylcholine (ACH) located in the nuclear membrane. Exogenous substances which raise intracellular cAMP levels such as isoproterenol or PGE1, shut off epithelial mitosis; and, carbamylcholine or ACH raise intranuclear cGMP levels and increase mitosis by specific, regulatory stimulation of RNA‐polymerase II activity. We believe that this regulatory system explains the transitory mitotic suppression induced by superficial corneal wounding (interruption of adrenergic fibres, ‘chalone‐effect’); and the marked, permanent depression of epithelial mitosis associated with decreased intracellular ACH levels which are produced by total corneal denervation, and which results in neurotrophic keratitis. 1989 Institution Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-134
Number of pages20
JournalActa Ophthalmologica
Volume67
Issue number192 S
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1989

Keywords

  • cholinergic nerves
  • cornea
  • cyclic nucleotides
  • epithelium
  • mitotic regulation
  • neurotrophic keratitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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