We have demonstrated the production of the PTH-related protein (PTHrP) associated with hypercalcemia of malignancy by human neuroendocrine cell lines that also produce calcitonin gene products and chromogranin A. PTHrP was demonstrable in the cells by immunocytochemistry and immunoassay and Northern analysis of the cells revealed the presence of multiple mRNAs for PTHrP. The cell lines also secreted PTHrP in a regulated fashion, with the most potent secretogogue being phorbol. Thus, PTHrP is secreted by neuroendocrine cells and it may have neuroectodermal lineage. The coexpression of calcitonin gene products and chromogranin A, also neuroendocrine, with PTHRP may influence its secretion and ultimate biological effectsin vivo.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology