Emphysema may be commonly encountered in many surgical populations. The pathophysiology rests on airspace enlargement and obstruction to airflow, especially expiratory airflow. Medical therapy can ameliorate symptoms and improve exercise tolerance but not cure the disease. Surgical attempts to treat emphysema with LVRS remain investigational and lung transplantation is limited by donor availability. Unique anesthetic considerations include the potential for dynamic pulmonary hyperinflation, barotrauma, and pulmonary edema.
- Dynamic pulmonary hyperinflation
- Lung volume reduction surgery
- Pulmonary edema
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine