The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ agonist rosiglitazone increases bone resorption in women with type 2 diabetes: A randomized, controlled trial

Ugis Gruntmanis, Steve Fordan, Hans K. Ghayee, Shuaib M Abdullah, Raphael See, Colby R. Ayers, Darren K McGuire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations


In previous studies, with up to 16 weeks of exposure to rosiglitazone or pioglitazone, circulating markers of bone formation [procollagen I N-terminal propeptide (P1NP), osteocalcin, and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase] decreased but no change in bone resorption markers was found. We examined the effect of rosiglitazone on bone resorption and formation markers when used for 24 weeks. This post-hoc analysis of a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial evaluated the effects of 6 months of rosiglitazone use versus placebo onc circulating markers of bone turnover in 111 patients with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease or additional cardiac risk factors. The principal end points for analysis were changes in bone formation and resorption markers, measured by P1NP and carboxy-terminal cross-links (CTX), respectively. There were 111 subjects who completed the study and had baseline and 6-month data; mean age was 56, including 41% women and 67% nonwhite (50 black, 18 Hispanic, and six other), and subjects were evenly distributed between placebo and rosiglitazone groups. Women treated with rosiglitazone had higher CTX levels (0.43 ng/mL) than those who received placebo (0.23 ng/mL) (P = 0.007), with no significant differences in P1NP or OPG. Overall, in stratified analyses of men and in stratified analyses among different ethnicities, there were no statistically significant differences observed in CTX, P1NP, OPG, PTH, or 25-OHD between the treatment groups. Women taking rosiglitazone had higher circulating markers of bone resorption, which is contrary to prior studies of shorter duration, where the principal observation was a decrease in markers of bone formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-349
Number of pages7
JournalCalcified Tissue International
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2010



  • Bone formation and resorption
  • Carboxy-terminal cross-links
  • Diabetes
  • PPAR
  • Rosiglitazone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Endocrinology

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