The predictive value of preoperative apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) for facial nerve outcomes after vestibular schwannoma resection: clinical study

Katherine E. Kunigelis, Patrick Hosokawa, Gregory Arnone, David Raban, Adam Starr, Andrei Gurau, Alexis Sunshine, Jason Bunn, Ashesh A. Thaker, A. Samy Youssef

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Object: Diffusion MRI has been used to predict intraoperative consistency of tumors. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) has shown predictive value as an imaging biomarker in many CNS tumors but has not been studied in a large cohort of patients with vestibular schwannoma. In this study, we examine the utility of ADC as a predictive biomarker for intraoperative tumor characteristics and postoperative facial nerve outcome. Methods: A retrospective review of patients who underwent vestibular schwannoma resection at our institution from 2008 to 2018 yielded 87 patients, of which 72 met inclusion criteria. Operative reports and clinical records were reviewed for clinical data; MRI data were interpreted in a blinded fashion for qualitative and quantitative biomarkers, including tumor ADC. Results: Mean tumor ADC values did not predict intraoperative consistency or adherence (p = 0.63). Adherent tumors were associated with worse facial nerve outcomes (p = 0.003). Regression tree analysis identified 3 ADC categories with statistically different facial nerve outcomes. The categories identified were ADC < 1006.04 × 10−6 mm2/s; ADC 1006.04–1563.93 × 10−6 mm2/s and ADC ≥ 1563.94 × 10−6 mm2/s. Postoperative and final House-Brackmann (HB) scores were significantly higher in the intermediate ADC group (2.3, p = 0.0038). HB outcomes were similar between the group with ADC < 1006.04 × 10−6 mm2/s and ≥ 1563.94 × 10−6 mm2/s (1.3 vs 1.3). Conclusions: Middle-range preoperative ADC in vestibular schwannoma suggests a less favorable postoperative HB score. Preoperative measurement of ADC in vestibular schwannoma may provide additional information regarding prognostication of facial nerve outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalActa Neurochirurgica
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • Acoustic Neuroma
  • Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC)
  • Diffusion MRI
  • Facial Nerve
  • Vestibular Schwannoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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