The projected background for the CUORE experiment

C. Alduino, K. Alfonso, D. R. Artusa, F. T. Avignone, O. Azzolini, T. I. Banks, G. Bari, J. W. Beeman, F. Bellini, G. Benato, A. Bersani, M. Biassoni, A. Branca, C. Brofferio, C. Bucci, A. Camacho, A. Caminata, L. Canonica, X. G. Cao, S. CapelliL. Cappelli, L. Carbone, L. Cardani, P. Carniti, N. Casali, L. Cassina, D. Chiesa, N. Chott, M. Clemenza, S. Copello, C. Cosmelli, O. Cremonesi, R. J. Creswick, J. S. Cushman, A. D’Addabbo, I. Dafinei, C. J. Davis, S. Dell’Oro, M. M. Deninno, S. Di Domizio, M. L. Di Vacri, A. Drobizhev, D. Q. Fang, M. Faverzani, G. Fernandes, E. Ferri, F. Ferroni, E. Fiorini, M. A. Franceschi, S. J. Freedman, B. K. Fujikawa, A. Giachero, L. Gironi, A. Giuliani, L. Gladstone, P. Gorla, C. Gotti, T. D. Gutierrez, E. E. Haller, K. Han, E. Hansen, K. M. Heeger, R. Hennings-Yeomans, K. P. Hickerson, H. Z. Huang, R. Kadel, G. Keppel, Yu G. Kolomensky, A. Leder, C. Ligi, K. E. Lim, Y. G. Ma, M. Maino, L. Marini, M. Martinez, R. H. Maruyama, Y. Mei, N. Moggi, S. Morganti, P. J. Mosteiro, T. Napolitano, M. Nastasi, C. Nones, E. B. Norman, V. Novati, A. Nucciotti, T. O’Donnell, J. L. Ouellet, C. E. Pagliarone, M. Pallavicini, V. Palmieri, L. Pattavina, M. Pavan, G. Pessina, V. Pettinacci, G. Piperno, C. Pira, S. Pirro, S. Pozzi, E. Previtali, C. Rosenfeld, C. Rusconi, M. Sakai, S. Sangiorgio, D. Santone, B. Schmidt, J. Schmidt, N. D. Scielzo, V. Singh, M. Sisti, A. R. Smith, L. Taffarello, M. Tenconi, F. Terranova, C. Tomei, S. Trentalange, M. Vignati, S. L. Wagaarachchi, B. S. Wang, H. W. Wang, B. Welliver, J. Wilson, L. A. Winslow, T. Wise, A. Woodcraft, L. Zanotti, G. Q. Zhang, B. X. Zhu, S. Zimmermann, S. Zucchelli, M. Laubenstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) is designed to search for neutrinoless double beta decay of 130Te with an array of 988 TeO2 bolometers operating at temperatures around 10 mK. The experiment is currently being commissioned in Hall A of Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Italy. The goal of CUORE is to reach a 90% C.L. exclusion sensitivity on the 130Te decay half-life of 9 × 1025 years after 5 years of data taking. The main issue to be addressed to accomplish this aim is the rate of background events in the region of interest, which must not be higher than 10- 2 counts/keV/kg/year. We developed a detailed Monte Carlo simulation, based on results from a campaign of material screening, radioassays, and bolometric measurements, to evaluate the expected background. This was used over the years to guide the construction strategies of the experiment and we use it here to project a background model for CUORE. In this paper we report the results of our study and our expectations for the background rate in the energy region where the peak signature of neutrinoless double beta decay of 130Te is expected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number543
JournalEuropean Physical Journal C
Volume77
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Observatories
Cryogenics
cryogenics
observatories
decay
Experiments
Screening
exclusion
Italy
half life
screening
signatures
sensitivity
Temperature
simulation
temperature
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Alduino, C., Alfonso, K., Artusa, D. R., Avignone, F. T., Azzolini, O., Banks, T. I., ... Laubenstein, M. (2017). The projected background for the CUORE experiment. European Physical Journal C, 77(8), [543]. https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-017-5080-6

The projected background for the CUORE experiment. / Alduino, C.; Alfonso, K.; Artusa, D. R.; Avignone, F. T.; Azzolini, O.; Banks, T. I.; Bari, G.; Beeman, J. W.; Bellini, F.; Benato, G.; Bersani, A.; Biassoni, M.; Branca, A.; Brofferio, C.; Bucci, C.; Camacho, A.; Caminata, A.; Canonica, L.; Cao, X. G.; Capelli, S.; Cappelli, L.; Carbone, L.; Cardani, L.; Carniti, P.; Casali, N.; Cassina, L.; Chiesa, D.; Chott, N.; Clemenza, M.; Copello, S.; Cosmelli, C.; Cremonesi, O.; Creswick, R. J.; Cushman, J. S.; D’Addabbo, A.; Dafinei, I.; Davis, C. J.; Dell’Oro, S.; Deninno, M. M.; Di Domizio, S.; Di Vacri, M. L.; Drobizhev, A.; Fang, D. Q.; Faverzani, M.; Fernandes, G.; Ferri, E.; Ferroni, F.; Fiorini, E.; Franceschi, M. A.; Freedman, S. J.; Fujikawa, B. K.; Giachero, A.; Gironi, L.; Giuliani, A.; Gladstone, L.; Gorla, P.; Gotti, C.; Gutierrez, T. D.; Haller, E. E.; Han, K.; Hansen, E.; Heeger, K. M.; Hennings-Yeomans, R.; Hickerson, K. P.; Huang, H. Z.; Kadel, R.; Keppel, G.; Kolomensky, Yu G.; Leder, A.; Ligi, C.; Lim, K. E.; Ma, Y. G.; Maino, M.; Marini, L.; Martinez, M.; Maruyama, R. H.; Mei, Y.; Moggi, N.; Morganti, S.; Mosteiro, P. J.; Napolitano, T.; Nastasi, M.; Nones, C.; Norman, E. B.; Novati, V.; Nucciotti, A.; O’Donnell, T.; Ouellet, J. L.; Pagliarone, C. E.; Pallavicini, M.; Palmieri, V.; Pattavina, L.; Pavan, M.; Pessina, G.; Pettinacci, V.; Piperno, G.; Pira, C.; Pirro, S.; Pozzi, S.; Previtali, E.; Rosenfeld, C.; Rusconi, C.; Sakai, M.; Sangiorgio, S.; Santone, D.; Schmidt, B.; Schmidt, J.; Scielzo, N. D.; Singh, V.; Sisti, M.; Smith, A. R.; Taffarello, L.; Tenconi, M.; Terranova, F.; Tomei, C.; Trentalange, S.; Vignati, M.; Wagaarachchi, S. L.; Wang, B. S.; Wang, H. W.; Welliver, B.; Wilson, J.; Winslow, L. A.; Wise, T.; Woodcraft, A.; Zanotti, L.; Zhang, G. Q.; Zhu, B. X.; Zimmermann, S.; Zucchelli, S.; Laubenstein, M.

In: European Physical Journal C, Vol. 77, No. 8, 543, 01.08.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Alduino, C, Alfonso, K, Artusa, DR, Avignone, FT, Azzolini, O, Banks, TI, Bari, G, Beeman, JW, Bellini, F, Benato, G, Bersani, A, Biassoni, M, Branca, A, Brofferio, C, Bucci, C, Camacho, A, Caminata, A, Canonica, L, Cao, XG, Capelli, S, Cappelli, L, Carbone, L, Cardani, L, Carniti, P, Casali, N, Cassina, L, Chiesa, D, Chott, N, Clemenza, M, Copello, S, Cosmelli, C, Cremonesi, O, Creswick, RJ, Cushman, JS, D’Addabbo, A, Dafinei, I, Davis, CJ, Dell’Oro, S, Deninno, MM, Di Domizio, S, Di Vacri, ML, Drobizhev, A, Fang, DQ, Faverzani, M, Fernandes, G, Ferri, E, Ferroni, F, Fiorini, E, Franceschi, MA, Freedman, SJ, Fujikawa, BK, Giachero, A, Gironi, L, Giuliani, A, Gladstone, L, Gorla, P, Gotti, C, Gutierrez, TD, Haller, EE, Han, K, Hansen, E, Heeger, KM, Hennings-Yeomans, R, Hickerson, KP, Huang, HZ, Kadel, R, Keppel, G, Kolomensky, YG, Leder, A, Ligi, C, Lim, KE, Ma, YG, Maino, M, Marini, L, Martinez, M, Maruyama, RH, Mei, Y, Moggi, N, Morganti, S, Mosteiro, PJ, Napolitano, T, Nastasi, M, Nones, C, Norman, EB, Novati, V, Nucciotti, A, O’Donnell, T, Ouellet, JL, Pagliarone, CE, Pallavicini, M, Palmieri, V, Pattavina, L, Pavan, M, Pessina, G, Pettinacci, V, Piperno, G, Pira, C, Pirro, S, Pozzi, S, Previtali, E, Rosenfeld, C, Rusconi, C, Sakai, M, Sangiorgio, S, Santone, D, Schmidt, B, Schmidt, J, Scielzo, ND, Singh, V, Sisti, M, Smith, AR, Taffarello, L, Tenconi, M, Terranova, F, Tomei, C, Trentalange, S, Vignati, M, Wagaarachchi, SL, Wang, BS, Wang, HW, Welliver, B, Wilson, J, Winslow, LA, Wise, T, Woodcraft, A, Zanotti, L, Zhang, GQ, Zhu, BX, Zimmermann, S, Zucchelli, S & Laubenstein, M 2017, 'The projected background for the CUORE experiment', European Physical Journal C, vol. 77, no. 8, 543. https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-017-5080-6
Alduino C, Alfonso K, Artusa DR, Avignone FT, Azzolini O, Banks TI et al. The projected background for the CUORE experiment. European Physical Journal C. 2017 Aug 1;77(8). 543. https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-017-5080-6
Alduino, C. ; Alfonso, K. ; Artusa, D. R. ; Avignone, F. T. ; Azzolini, O. ; Banks, T. I. ; Bari, G. ; Beeman, J. W. ; Bellini, F. ; Benato, G. ; Bersani, A. ; Biassoni, M. ; Branca, A. ; Brofferio, C. ; Bucci, C. ; Camacho, A. ; Caminata, A. ; Canonica, L. ; Cao, X. G. ; Capelli, S. ; Cappelli, L. ; Carbone, L. ; Cardani, L. ; Carniti, P. ; Casali, N. ; Cassina, L. ; Chiesa, D. ; Chott, N. ; Clemenza, M. ; Copello, S. ; Cosmelli, C. ; Cremonesi, O. ; Creswick, R. J. ; Cushman, J. S. ; D’Addabbo, A. ; Dafinei, I. ; Davis, C. J. ; Dell’Oro, S. ; Deninno, M. M. ; Di Domizio, S. ; Di Vacri, M. L. ; Drobizhev, A. ; Fang, D. Q. ; Faverzani, M. ; Fernandes, G. ; Ferri, E. ; Ferroni, F. ; Fiorini, E. ; Franceschi, M. A. ; Freedman, S. J. ; Fujikawa, B. K. ; Giachero, A. ; Gironi, L. ; Giuliani, A. ; Gladstone, L. ; Gorla, P. ; Gotti, C. ; Gutierrez, T. D. ; Haller, E. E. ; Han, K. ; Hansen, E. ; Heeger, K. M. ; Hennings-Yeomans, R. ; Hickerson, K. P. ; Huang, H. Z. ; Kadel, R. ; Keppel, G. ; Kolomensky, Yu G. ; Leder, A. ; Ligi, C. ; Lim, K. E. ; Ma, Y. G. ; Maino, M. ; Marini, L. ; Martinez, M. ; Maruyama, R. H. ; Mei, Y. ; Moggi, N. ; Morganti, S. ; Mosteiro, P. J. ; Napolitano, T. ; Nastasi, M. ; Nones, C. ; Norman, E. B. ; Novati, V. ; Nucciotti, A. ; O’Donnell, T. ; Ouellet, J. L. ; Pagliarone, C. E. ; Pallavicini, M. ; Palmieri, V. ; Pattavina, L. ; Pavan, M. ; Pessina, G. ; Pettinacci, V. ; Piperno, G. ; Pira, C. ; Pirro, S. ; Pozzi, S. ; Previtali, E. ; Rosenfeld, C. ; Rusconi, C. ; Sakai, M. ; Sangiorgio, S. ; Santone, D. ; Schmidt, B. ; Schmidt, J. ; Scielzo, N. D. ; Singh, V. ; Sisti, M. ; Smith, A. R. ; Taffarello, L. ; Tenconi, M. ; Terranova, F. ; Tomei, C. ; Trentalange, S. ; Vignati, M. ; Wagaarachchi, S. L. ; Wang, B. S. ; Wang, H. W. ; Welliver, B. ; Wilson, J. ; Winslow, L. A. ; Wise, T. ; Woodcraft, A. ; Zanotti, L. ; Zhang, G. Q. ; Zhu, B. X. ; Zimmermann, S. ; Zucchelli, S. ; Laubenstein, M. / The projected background for the CUORE experiment. In: European Physical Journal C. 2017 ; Vol. 77, No. 8.
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title = "The projected background for the CUORE experiment",
abstract = "The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) is designed to search for neutrinoless double beta decay of 130Te with an array of 988 TeO2 bolometers operating at temperatures around 10 mK. The experiment is currently being commissioned in Hall A of Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Italy. The goal of CUORE is to reach a 90{\%} C.L. exclusion sensitivity on the 130Te decay half-life of 9 × 1025 years after 5 years of data taking. The main issue to be addressed to accomplish this aim is the rate of background events in the region of interest, which must not be higher than 10- 2 counts/keV/kg/year. We developed a detailed Monte Carlo simulation, based on results from a campaign of material screening, radioassays, and bolometric measurements, to evaluate the expected background. This was used over the years to guide the construction strategies of the experiment and we use it here to project a background model for CUORE. In this paper we report the results of our study and our expectations for the background rate in the energy region where the peak signature of neutrinoless double beta decay of 130Te is expected.",
author = "C. Alduino and K. Alfonso and Artusa, {D. R.} and Avignone, {F. T.} and O. Azzolini and Banks, {T. I.} and G. Bari and Beeman, {J. W.} and F. Bellini and G. Benato and A. Bersani and M. Biassoni and A. Branca and C. Brofferio and C. Bucci and A. Camacho and A. Caminata and L. Canonica and Cao, {X. G.} and S. Capelli and L. Cappelli and L. Carbone and L. Cardani and P. Carniti and N. Casali and L. Cassina and D. Chiesa and N. Chott and M. Clemenza and S. Copello and C. Cosmelli and O. Cremonesi and Creswick, {R. J.} and Cushman, {J. S.} and A. D’Addabbo and I. Dafinei and Davis, {C. J.} and S. Dell’Oro and Deninno, {M. M.} and {Di Domizio}, S. and {Di Vacri}, {M. L.} and A. Drobizhev and Fang, {D. Q.} and M. Faverzani and G. Fernandes and E. Ferri and F. Ferroni and E. Fiorini and Franceschi, {M. A.} and Freedman, {S. J.} and Fujikawa, {B. K.} and A. Giachero and L. Gironi and A. Giuliani and L. Gladstone and P. Gorla and C. Gotti and Gutierrez, {T. D.} and Haller, {E. E.} and K. Han and E. Hansen and Heeger, {K. M.} and R. Hennings-Yeomans and Hickerson, {K. P.} and Huang, {H. Z.} and R. Kadel and G. Keppel and Kolomensky, {Yu G.} and A. Leder and C. Ligi and Lim, {K. E.} and Ma, {Y. G.} and M. Maino and L. Marini and M. Martinez and Maruyama, {R. H.} and Y. Mei and N. Moggi and S. Morganti and Mosteiro, {P. J.} and T. Napolitano and M. Nastasi and C. Nones and Norman, {E. B.} and V. Novati and A. Nucciotti and T. O’Donnell and Ouellet, {J. L.} and Pagliarone, {C. E.} and M. Pallavicini and V. Palmieri and L. Pattavina and M. Pavan and G. Pessina and V. Pettinacci and G. Piperno and C. Pira and S. Pirro and S. Pozzi and E. Previtali and C. Rosenfeld and C. Rusconi and M. Sakai and S. Sangiorgio and D. Santone and B. Schmidt and J. Schmidt and Scielzo, {N. D.} and V. Singh and M. Sisti and Smith, {A. R.} and L. Taffarello and M. Tenconi and F. Terranova and C. Tomei and S. Trentalange and M. Vignati and Wagaarachchi, {S. L.} and Wang, {B. S.} and Wang, {H. W.} and B. Welliver and J. Wilson and Winslow, {L. A.} and T. Wise and A. Woodcraft and L. Zanotti and Zhang, {G. Q.} and Zhu, {B. X.} and S. Zimmermann and S. Zucchelli and M. Laubenstein",
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T1 - The projected background for the CUORE experiment

AU - Alduino, C.

AU - Alfonso, K.

AU - Artusa, D. R.

AU - Avignone, F. T.

AU - Azzolini, O.

AU - Banks, T. I.

AU - Bari, G.

AU - Beeman, J. W.

AU - Bellini, F.

AU - Benato, G.

AU - Bersani, A.

AU - Biassoni, M.

AU - Branca, A.

AU - Brofferio, C.

AU - Bucci, C.

AU - Camacho, A.

AU - Caminata, A.

AU - Canonica, L.

AU - Cao, X. G.

AU - Capelli, S.

AU - Cappelli, L.

AU - Carbone, L.

AU - Cardani, L.

AU - Carniti, P.

AU - Casali, N.

AU - Cassina, L.

AU - Chiesa, D.

AU - Chott, N.

AU - Clemenza, M.

AU - Copello, S.

AU - Cosmelli, C.

AU - Cremonesi, O.

AU - Creswick, R. J.

AU - Cushman, J. S.

AU - D’Addabbo, A.

AU - Dafinei, I.

AU - Davis, C. J.

AU - Dell’Oro, S.

AU - Deninno, M. M.

AU - Di Domizio, S.

AU - Di Vacri, M. L.

AU - Drobizhev, A.

AU - Fang, D. Q.

AU - Faverzani, M.

AU - Fernandes, G.

AU - Ferri, E.

AU - Ferroni, F.

AU - Fiorini, E.

AU - Franceschi, M. A.

AU - Freedman, S. J.

AU - Fujikawa, B. K.

AU - Giachero, A.

AU - Gironi, L.

AU - Giuliani, A.

AU - Gladstone, L.

AU - Gorla, P.

AU - Gotti, C.

AU - Gutierrez, T. D.

AU - Haller, E. E.

AU - Han, K.

AU - Hansen, E.

AU - Heeger, K. M.

AU - Hennings-Yeomans, R.

AU - Hickerson, K. P.

AU - Huang, H. Z.

AU - Kadel, R.

AU - Keppel, G.

AU - Kolomensky, Yu G.

AU - Leder, A.

AU - Ligi, C.

AU - Lim, K. E.

AU - Ma, Y. G.

AU - Maino, M.

AU - Marini, L.

AU - Martinez, M.

AU - Maruyama, R. H.

AU - Mei, Y.

AU - Moggi, N.

AU - Morganti, S.

AU - Mosteiro, P. J.

AU - Napolitano, T.

AU - Nastasi, M.

AU - Nones, C.

AU - Norman, E. B.

AU - Novati, V.

AU - Nucciotti, A.

AU - O’Donnell, T.

AU - Ouellet, J. L.

AU - Pagliarone, C. E.

AU - Pallavicini, M.

AU - Palmieri, V.

AU - Pattavina, L.

AU - Pavan, M.

AU - Pessina, G.

AU - Pettinacci, V.

AU - Piperno, G.

AU - Pira, C.

AU - Pirro, S.

AU - Pozzi, S.

AU - Previtali, E.

AU - Rosenfeld, C.

AU - Rusconi, C.

AU - Sakai, M.

AU - Sangiorgio, S.

AU - Santone, D.

AU - Schmidt, B.

AU - Schmidt, J.

AU - Scielzo, N. D.

AU - Singh, V.

AU - Sisti, M.

AU - Smith, A. R.

AU - Taffarello, L.

AU - Tenconi, M.

AU - Terranova, F.

AU - Tomei, C.

AU - Trentalange, S.

AU - Vignati, M.

AU - Wagaarachchi, S. L.

AU - Wang, B. S.

AU - Wang, H. W.

AU - Welliver, B.

AU - Wilson, J.

AU - Winslow, L. A.

AU - Wise, T.

AU - Woodcraft, A.

AU - Zanotti, L.

AU - Zhang, G. Q.

AU - Zhu, B. X.

AU - Zimmermann, S.

AU - Zucchelli, S.

AU - Laubenstein, M.

PY - 2017/8/1

Y1 - 2017/8/1

N2 - The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) is designed to search for neutrinoless double beta decay of 130Te with an array of 988 TeO2 bolometers operating at temperatures around 10 mK. The experiment is currently being commissioned in Hall A of Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Italy. The goal of CUORE is to reach a 90% C.L. exclusion sensitivity on the 130Te decay half-life of 9 × 1025 years after 5 years of data taking. The main issue to be addressed to accomplish this aim is the rate of background events in the region of interest, which must not be higher than 10- 2 counts/keV/kg/year. We developed a detailed Monte Carlo simulation, based on results from a campaign of material screening, radioassays, and bolometric measurements, to evaluate the expected background. This was used over the years to guide the construction strategies of the experiment and we use it here to project a background model for CUORE. In this paper we report the results of our study and our expectations for the background rate in the energy region where the peak signature of neutrinoless double beta decay of 130Te is expected.

AB - The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) is designed to search for neutrinoless double beta decay of 130Te with an array of 988 TeO2 bolometers operating at temperatures around 10 mK. The experiment is currently being commissioned in Hall A of Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Italy. The goal of CUORE is to reach a 90% C.L. exclusion sensitivity on the 130Te decay half-life of 9 × 1025 years after 5 years of data taking. The main issue to be addressed to accomplish this aim is the rate of background events in the region of interest, which must not be higher than 10- 2 counts/keV/kg/year. We developed a detailed Monte Carlo simulation, based on results from a campaign of material screening, radioassays, and bolometric measurements, to evaluate the expected background. This was used over the years to guide the construction strategies of the experiment and we use it here to project a background model for CUORE. In this paper we report the results of our study and our expectations for the background rate in the energy region where the peak signature of neutrinoless double beta decay of 130Te is expected.

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