The regulatory component of adenylate cyclase. Purification and properties of the turkey erythrocyte protein.

E. Hanski, P. C. Sternweis, J. K. Northup, A. W. Dromerick, A. G. Gilman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Scopus citations

Abstract

The regulatory component (G/F) of adenylate cyclase has been purified from turkey erythrocyte plasma membranes by adaptation of procedures developed for purification of the rabbit liver protein. The major modifications entail inclusion of high concentrations of NaCl to facilitate extraction and reconstitution of the protein. A typical preparation yields 200 micrograms of protein with a reconstitutive specific activity of 3-4 mumol . min-1 mg-1. Turkey erythrocyte G/F contains two putative subunits of 35,000 and 45,000 daltons. The 52,000-dalton polypeptide that appears to be a component of rabbit liver G/F is lacking. In solution, G/F behaves as a particle with Mr = 81,000. This value is reduced to 50,000 in the presence of activating ligands, suggesting dissociation of subunits. Activation of G/F by guanine nucleotide analogs is markedly accelerated in the presence of high concentrations of Mg2+. Reconstitutive and physical properties of the protein are also affected by fluoride. Cyc- S49 lymphoma membranes reconstituted with turkey erythrocyte G/F acquire properties that are characteristic of the turkey adenylate cyclase system; at least certain differing characteristics of adenylate cyclase systems are thus dictated by the nature of their G/F.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12911-12919
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume256
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 25 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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