The Respiratory Protection Effectiveness Clinical Trial (ResPECT): A cluster-randomized comparison of respirator and medical mask effectiveness against respiratory infections in healthcare personnel

Lewis J. Radonovich, Mary T. Bessesen, Derek A. Cummings, Aaron Eagan, Charlotte Gaydos, Cynthia Gibert, Geoffrey J. Gorse, Ann Christine Nyquist, Nicholas G. Reich, Maria Rodrigues-Barradas, Connie Savor-Price, Ronald E. Shaffer, Michael S. Simberkoff, Trish M. Perl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Although N95 filtering facepiece respirators and medical masks are commonly used for protection against respiratory infections in healthcare settings, more clinical evidence is needed to understand the optimal settings and exposure circumstances for healthcare personnel to use these devices. A lack of clinically germane research has led to equivocal, and occasionally conflicting, healthcare respiratory protection recommendations from public health organizations, professional societies, and experts. Methods: The Respiratory Protection Effectiveness Clinical Trial (ResPECT) is a prospective comparison of respiratory protective equipment to be conducted at multiple U.S. study sites. Healthcare personnel who work in outpatient settings will be cluster-randomized to wear N95 respirators or medical masks for protection against infections during respiratory virus season. Outcome measures will include laboratory-confirmed viral respiratory infections, acute respiratory illness, and influenza-like illness. Participant exposures to patients, coworkers, and others with symptoms and signs of respiratory infection, both within and beyond the workplace, will be recorded in daily diaries. Adherence to study protocols will be monitored by the study team. Discussion: ResPECT is designed to better understand the extent to which N95s and MMs reduce clinical illness among healthcare personnel. A fully successful study would produce clinically relevant results that help clinician-leaders make reasoned decisions about protection of healthcare personnel against occupationally acquired respiratory infections and prevention of spread within healthcare systems. Trial registration: The trial is registered at clinicaltrials.gov, number NCT01249625(11/29/2010).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number243
JournalBMC Infectious Diseases
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2 2016

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Mechanical Ventilators
Masks
Respiratory Tract Infections
Clinical Trials
Delivery of Health Care
Equipment and Supplies
Virus Diseases
Workplace
Human Influenza
Signs and Symptoms
Outpatients
Public Health
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Viruses
Research

Keywords

  • Healthcare personnel
  • Influenza
  • Masks
  • Respirators
  • Respiratory infections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

The Respiratory Protection Effectiveness Clinical Trial (ResPECT) : A cluster-randomized comparison of respirator and medical mask effectiveness against respiratory infections in healthcare personnel. / Radonovich, Lewis J.; Bessesen, Mary T.; Cummings, Derek A.; Eagan, Aaron; Gaydos, Charlotte; Gibert, Cynthia; Gorse, Geoffrey J.; Nyquist, Ann Christine; Reich, Nicholas G.; Rodrigues-Barradas, Maria; Savor-Price, Connie; Shaffer, Ronald E.; Simberkoff, Michael S.; Perl, Trish M.

In: BMC Infectious Diseases, Vol. 16, No. 1, 243, 02.06.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Radonovich, LJ, Bessesen, MT, Cummings, DA, Eagan, A, Gaydos, C, Gibert, C, Gorse, GJ, Nyquist, AC, Reich, NG, Rodrigues-Barradas, M, Savor-Price, C, Shaffer, RE, Simberkoff, MS & Perl, TM 2016, 'The Respiratory Protection Effectiveness Clinical Trial (ResPECT): A cluster-randomized comparison of respirator and medical mask effectiveness against respiratory infections in healthcare personnel', BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 16, no. 1, 243. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-016-1494-2
Radonovich, Lewis J. ; Bessesen, Mary T. ; Cummings, Derek A. ; Eagan, Aaron ; Gaydos, Charlotte ; Gibert, Cynthia ; Gorse, Geoffrey J. ; Nyquist, Ann Christine ; Reich, Nicholas G. ; Rodrigues-Barradas, Maria ; Savor-Price, Connie ; Shaffer, Ronald E. ; Simberkoff, Michael S. ; Perl, Trish M. / The Respiratory Protection Effectiveness Clinical Trial (ResPECT) : A cluster-randomized comparison of respirator and medical mask effectiveness against respiratory infections in healthcare personnel. In: BMC Infectious Diseases. 2016 ; Vol. 16, No. 1.
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