The Role of Ablation and Minimally Invasive Techniques in the Management of Small Renal Masses

On behalf of the Young Academic Urologists Kidney Cancer Working Group of the European Urological Association

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context: Nephron-sparing approaches are increasingly recommended for incidental small renal masses. Herein, we review the current literature regarding the safety and efficacy of focal therapy, including percutaneous ablation, for small renal masses. Objective: To summarize the application of ablative therapy in the management of small renal masses. Evidence acquisition: PubMed and Medline database search was performed to look for findings published since 2000 on focal therapy for small renal masses. After literature review, 64 articles were selected and discussed. Evidence synthesis: Radiofrequency ablation and cryotherapy are the most widely used procedures with intermediate-term oncological outcome comparable with surgical series. Cost effectiveness seems excellent and side effects appear acceptable. To date, no randomized trial comparing percutaneous focal therapy with standard surgical approach or active surveillance has been performed. Conclusions: Focal ablative therapies are now accepted as effective treatment for small renal tumors. For tumors <3 cm, oncological effectiveness of ablative therapies is comparable with that of partial nephrectomy. Percutaneous ablation has fewer complications and a better postoperative profile when compared with minimally invasive partial nephrectomy. Patient summary: Focal ablative therapies are now accepted as effective treatment for small renal tumors. For tumors <3 cm, oncological effectiveness of ablative therapies is comparable with that of partial nephrectomy. Focal ablative therapies are now accepted as effective treatment for small renal tumors (ie, <3 cm). Percutaneous ablation has fewer complications and a better postoperative profile when compared with partial nephrectomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)395-402
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Urology Oncology
Volume1
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2018

Keywords

  • Cryoablation
  • Focal therapy
  • Radiofrequency ablation
  • Renal
  • Tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Urology

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