The role of calcium in the regulation of glucose uptake in isolated working rat heart

Christoph Zechner, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Torsten Doenst

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Abstract

Catecholamines or ischemia may increase myocardial glucose uptake by an increase in intracellular calcium. We tested the hypothesis that increasing or decreasing extracellular calcium supply would change glucose uptake. Hearts were perfused for 60 min at a physiological workload with Krebs-Henseleit buffer containing glucose (5 mM) and oleate (0.4 mM; bound to 1% BSA). Calcium concentration was 2.5 mM. In group A (control; n = 12), insulin (1 mU/ml) was added at 30 min. In Group B (n = 7), the calcium concentration was increased to 5.0 and 7.5 mM at 20 min and 40 min, respectively. In Group C (n = 7), verapamil was added at 20 min (0.25 μM) and 40 min (1.0 μM) to decrease calcium influx. In group D (n = 7), EDTA was added at 20 min (0.5 mM) and at 40 min (1.5 mM) to decrease the free extracellular calcium. Glucose uptake was measured by 3H2O production from [2-3H]glucose and cardiac work was measured simultaneously. Cardiac power in group B was 8.24 ± 0.60 mW at 2.5 mM calcium, 9.45 ± 0.50 mW at 5 mM calcium and 7.99 ± 0.99 mW at 7.5 mM calcium (n.s.). The addition of verapamil decreased contractile function in a dose-dependent manner (8.50 ± 0.74 vs. 3.11 ± 0.84 vs. 1.48 ± 0.39 mW, p < 0.01) suggesting that verapamil decreased cytosolic calcium concentration. A similar dose-dependent reduction in contractile performance was observed in the EDTA group (8.44 ± 0.81 vs. 7.42 ± 0.96 vs. 4.03 ± 1.32 mW, p < 0.01). Glucose uptake was 1.35 ± 0.11 μmol/min/g dry weight under control conditions. Glucose uptake increased threefold with the addition of insulin. Increasing extracellular [Ca2+] did not affect glucose uptake. Decreasing Ca2+ availability showed a trend towards a decrease in glucose uptake (n.s.), which was minor compared to the decrease in contractile function. We conclude that extracellular calcium does not regulate glucose uptake in the isolated working rat heart in the presence of glucose and fatty acids as substrates. The trend of decreased glucose uptake when calcium supply was limited may be due to dramatically reduced energy demand and not directly due to changes in calcium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-80
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Volume232
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2002

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Keywords

  • EDTA
  • Insulin
  • Signal transduction
  • Verapamil
  • Workload

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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