The role of cytotoxic T lymphocytes in corneal allograft rejection

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Abstract

Purpose. Immunologic rejection constitutes a major barrier to the success of allogeneic corneal transplants, but the specific mediators and mechanisms of graft rejection are poorly understood. Several studies have implicated cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses, typically associated with CD8+ T cells, in promoting corneal graft rejection. This study sought to test the hypothesis that CTLs are essential in promoting corneal graft rejection. Methods. BALB/c donor corneas were grafted orthotopically onto C57BL/6, perforin knockout, or CD8+ T-cell knockout mice. The tempo and incidence of graft rejection were observed for each group. In separate experiments, donor-specific CTL and delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) responses were tested at the time of graft rejection by a standard chromium release assay and an ear swelling assay, respectively. Results. Perforin knockout and CD8+ T-cell knockout mice were as effective as wild-type C57BL/6 control mice in rejecting BALB/c donor corneas. Furthermore, animals in all three groups were found to develop robust donor-specific DTH, not CTL, responses at the time of graft rejection. Histopathologically, the rejected corneas from all three groups contained a predominantly mononuclear cellular infiltrate. Conclusions. This study rejects the hypothesis that CD8+ CTLs are essential in promoting corneal graft rejection and instead further implicates donor-specific DTH reactions as the relevant immune response during graft failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3341-3347
Number of pages7
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume41
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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